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Chakram

Chakram


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Chakram

A flat steel ring with a sharpened outer edge used as a thrown missile by Sikhs. Several could be carried on a pointed turban and thrown like a modern Frisbee with an effective range of about 25 meters.

Chakram

The chakram (Devanāgarī: चक्रं Panjabi: chakkar Malay language: cakera ) is a throwing weapon from India. It is circular in shape with a sharpened outer edge and ranges in size from approximately 12–30 centimetres (4.7–11.8 in) in diameter. It is also known as chalikar Ώ] ‌ or "circle".

Unlike Chinese wind and fire wheels, which are generally larger and used as melee weapons only, the chakram was designed to be thrown but could also be used in-close. [ citation needed ] Because of its aerodynamic circular shape it is not easily deflected by wind.


Contents

Earliest references to the chakram come from the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana where the Sudarshana Chakra is the weapon of the god Vishnu. Chakradhaari ("chakram-wielder," or simply "circle-man") is a name for Krishna. The chakram was later used extensively by the Sikhs as recently as the days of Ranjit Singh. It came to be associated with Sikhs because of the Nihang practice of wearing chakram on their arms, around the neck and even tied in tiers on high turbans. The Portuguese chronicler Duarte Barbosa writes (c. 1516) of the chakram being used in the Delhi Sultanate. ΐ] ‌

The people of the kingdom . are very good fighting men and good knights, armed with many kinds of weapons they are great bowmen, and very strong men they have very good lances, swords, daggers, steel maces, and battle-axes, with which they fight and they have some steel wheels,which they call chakarani, two fingers broad, sharp outside like knives, and without edge inside and the surface of these is of the size of a small plate. And they carry seven or eight of these each, put on the left arm and they take one and put it on the finger of the right hand, and make it spin round many times, and so they hurl it at their enemies, and if they hit anyone on the arm or leg or neck, it cuts through all. And with these they carry on much fighting, and are very dexterous with them.

From its native India, variations of the chakram spread to other Asian countries. In Tibet, Malaysia, and Indonesia, the chakram was not flat but torus-like. The Mongol cavalry used a similar throwing weapon with spiked edges.


The chakram is a hoop-shaped disk with the outer edge sharpened. Chakrams come in various sizes and are usually made of steel or brass. Some chakrams, even those used in combat, were ornately engraved, or inlaid with brass, silver, or gold. The chakram can be considered a distant cousin of the Shuriken.

The chakram was used extensively by the Indian warrior castes such as the Rajput and Sikhs. Numerous chakrams of different sizes were worn around the arms, necks, and stacked onto turbans. The chakram was thrown several different ways: by being held between the thumb and forefinger and thrown underhand, or spun around the index finger and flung. The aerodynamic shape of the body prevented it from being deflected by the wind. The Chakram had a range of 50 feet.

Chakrams could also be used as melee weapons akin to Brass Knuckles but with more cutting force [1]

The Japanese had a similar weapon known as the Kanawa (Golden Ring), which was occasionally used by the Ninja.


History [ edit | edit source ]

  • The Original Chakram/Dark Chakram: Xena's first chakram is called the Dark Chakram. It was taken off an altar in the temple of the chakram, located in a land where a god named Kal is the god of war. Kal claims that Ares stole it many years ago and gave it to Xena. Not much was known about the chakram for most of the first four seasons other than that it is one of a kind and a very powerful weapon. However, the first indication that it may be more than just a regular weapon was in the season three episode The Dirty Half Dozen, where it was able to break the unbreakable metal of Hephaetus. Its background is finally expanded in the season five episode Chakram. It was broken when Callisto (in a god-like form given to her by the lord of Hell) threw it into Xena's back and broke her spine. Later, Xena took the broken pieces and placed them back in the original spot on the altar in the temple. The altar magically fuses the pieces and makes the Dark Chakram whole again.
    • In a continuity error, the broken pieces of the Dark Chakram were found in the 1940s preserved in a tomb with Gabrielle's scrolls in the season two episode The Xena Scrolls. Had the series ended after season four (as originally intended) when the chakram was broken, this would not have been an error as the broken chakram would not have been fixed.
    • The Light Chakram: The Light Chakram had the power to kill gods and was wanted by both Kal and Ares. However, only a person without any darkness in their soul could take it off the altar without bursting into flames. Numerous people tried to remove it from the altar (some forced to do so by Kal) and failed as seen by the many burnt remains in the room. Because Xena had lost her dark side after being resurrected by Eli, both gods wanted to use her to get the chakram for them. It was also initially believed by Eli that the Light Chakram was the key to restoring Xena to normal. This was proven wrong when Xena remained in her innocent state even after she was able to pick it up from the altar. In a desperate attempt to save Gabrielle, she used the Light Chakram to slash Kal across the abdomen, causing him to be incinerated.
    • The Yin-Yang Chakram/Super Chakram/Splitting Chakram: While Xena was in a state of confusion and mixed emotions after killing Kal, Ares tried to manipulate her into giving him the Light Chakram. However Xena picked up the newly fixed Dark Chakram from the altar and held both chakrams together above her head. This diffused the power to kill gods and transformed the two chakrams into a new chakram with splittable light and dark halves, resembling a yin-yang. As stated by Eli's scroll, it also balanced the light and dark in Xena's soul and restored her to her regular self. While it no longer had the power to kill gods, the new chakram was still very powerful in that it was seen capable of deflecting a fireball thrown by Hades back at him in God Fearing Child. This chakram accompanied Xena throughout the rest of her journey and was inherited by Gabrielle in A Friend in Need II after she was able to use it successfully. This chakram too survived to present day as seen in Send in the Clones. However, it was not well preserved and signs of deterioration such as rust can been seen.

    Chakram - History

    The Chakram or Chakra was used mostly by the Sikhs of north west India for hundreds of years. The chakram is a flat steel quoit (ring) with a razor-sharp outer edge. The Quoit is generally 6 to 8 inches in diameter.

    The Sikhs became martial under Guru Govind Singh and used the Chackra effectively against the Moghul dynasty. The Chackrum has a history that is as old as Indian civilization itself. It's useage is embedded in Indian myth and legend. In the epics..the Mahabharata for instance. an asura trying to get heavenly nectar from the moon had his head chakra-ed off. Still he tries to swallow the moon and succeeds ever so often before the moon escapes through the cut neck. an eclipse myth. Sculptures and paintings of many gods and godesses show the chakra being twirled. Several quoits were worn around a tall, conical turban and were either whirled around the forefinger before throwing or held between the thumb and forefinger and thrown underarm much like a frisbee. The picture above shows a Sikh soldier spinning a chakram around his forefinger.
    Some chakrams are mere rings of flattened steel. Others actually have aerodynamic configurations as part of their overall design. They will cut, fly and perform to a more refined degree than a flat one could. Some chakrams have eye catching engravings and inscriptions to adorn them and their beauty is surpassed only by their deadly purpose.

    If it is thrown correctly the target never hears or sees it. However, some of the more elaborate rings had small holes bored into them to produce a whistling sound as they spun in the air. The deep thunk of a solid hit when the chakram sticks is reward enough for the hours of practice one spends mastering this weapon.

    Like all the traditional Okinawan weapons, the exact original of the sai is not known although a few theories exist. One theory is that the sai was derived from a type of hoe. This hoe was used to dig a furrow in the ground. At selected points within the furrow, deeper holes were made with the point of the hoe in which seeds were planted. Later, the hand guards were added. A second theory is that the sai was a direct import from China or Indonesia. This theory states that there was no Okinawan tool upon which it was based. The rational for this theory is that there is little iron on Okinawa which would be needed to make the sai. Thus, the case for the sai being an import.

    Even though the sai are sometimes called "short swords", they were not used as a traditional sword word be. Sai were primarily a defensive weapon. They were used more as a club would be. Following are some techniques of sai use:

    * With the blade retracted, the sai would cover the forearm to augment blocking techniques. Also the butt end could be used as an effective punching implement.
    * Flipping the long end out, you effectively have a whipping, striking tool. The long end could also be used for poking and blocking techniques.
    * The hand guards were effective to catch a strike from a weapon like a staff. These guards would protect the hand from damage.

    The prongs of the sai are good for blocking, catching and trapping bo or sword strikes. Once the prongs complete the trap, the defender can use the sai to twist the attacker's weapon from their grasp or even breaking the opponent’s weapon. Because of the flipping techniques employed in use of the sai, strong and limber wrists need to be developed if one is going to master their use.

    History of the Bo Staff

    The bo staff is probably one of mankind's oldest weapons. They belong to the same family as spears. The bo was commonly used to carry buckets of grain or water, one on each end of the staff for balance purposes. When attacked, the defender could easily slip the buckets off each end and have a very handy weapon. Or staffs would be used as a walking implement. When attacked, what seemed a harmless tool, became a deadly weapon. The staff is nothing more than long stick. Traditionally it measured six feet in length, but both shorter and longer versions were used depending on the situation and practitioner.

    The bo staff, because of its length, was not a weapon for close in fighting. Rather it was used to defend one's self from a distance. The staff operates best from outside your opponent's attack zone. It is also most useful in relatively open spaces. The staff is best used when both hands manipulate its use.


    In Mortal Kombat

    In the series, Kung Lao's hat is used similiarly to a Chakram.

    In Mortal Kombat X, the archer Kung Jin is able to use a glowing Chakram, both as a melee weapon and as a thrown projectile in his Shaolin variation. Quite similar to how his uncle Kung Lao uses his Razor-Rimmed hat. Other Chakram are also present in the Split Personality and Wind and Fire Wheel White Lotus Faction Kills.

    In Mortal Kombat 11, one of Kollector's abilities has his bolas projectile be replaced with a chakram.


    Stats [ edit | edit source ]

    • This mod can be acquired by attaining the rank of General under the Steel Meridian, or the rank of Genius under Cephalon Suda, and spending 25,000 Standing㺙,000 to purchase.

    Contents

    Game Icon Level Might Weight Hit Crit Range Uses Worth Exp Other effects and notes
    Fates S 11 -- 95 10 1-2 -- 0 2 +2 speed, -5 defense, -5 resistance, -10 avoid when equipped.
    +5 to user's ability to make follow-up attacks.
    +5 to foe's ability to make follow-up attacks.
    If user's attack hit the target, inflicts -6 strength, -6 magic, -6 defense, -6 resistance debuff on the target after combat.

    Archridium Chakram [ edit | edit source ]

    The strongest chakram made out of Archridium.

    File:Archridium Chakram.jpg Attack Magic Attack Attack
    Rate
    Warrior Requirements
    Strength Intelligence Dexterity
    218 153 551 323 49 299



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