Victor Lasky

Victor Lasky

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Victor Lasky was born in Liberty in 1918. Raised in New York City he graduated from Brooklyn College in 1940. He joined the U.S. Army in 1942 and wrote for Stars & Stripes during the Second World War.

After the war Lasky joined The New York World-Telegram and assisted Frederick Woltman in writing a series of articles on communist infiltration of American institutions. Lasky also reported on the Alger Hiss case. He co-wrote Seeds of Treason: The Strange Case of Alger Hiss (1950) with Ralph De Toledano.

Lasky was a public relations executive for Radio Liberty (1956-1960), one of the CIA's largest propaganda operations. He was also co-founder and first vice president of The Council Against Communist Aggression and the writer of the 1952 MGM documentary, The Hoaxters. Lasky was an important figure in the CIA's Operation Mockingbird.

Lasky wrote a syndicated column for the North American Newspaper Alliance (1962-1980) and lectured for Accuracy in Media. Lasky also wrote several books including JFK, the Man and the Myth (1963), Robert F. Kennedy: The Myth & the Man (1971), It Didn't Start With Watergate (1977), Jimmy Carter the Man and the Myth (1979) and Never Complain Never Explain: The Story of Henry Ford II (1983).

It was revealed during the Watergate scandal that Lasky was paid $20,000 by Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP). Lasky was also a close associate of CIA director, William Casey.

Victor Lasky died of cancer on 22nd February, 1990, at Georgetown University Hospital.

Kennedy's denial of wiretapping in the Hoffa case was not bought by all newsmen. Walter Trohan, the veteran Chicago Tribune correspondent who had close ties to both Lyndon Johnson and J. Edgar Hoover, stated flatly that Kennedy "set up an extensive wiretap group under his own command in the Department of Justice. The group was headed by three men. One of these was given a job in the Justice Department, a second was placed on the White House payroll of his brother, the late John F. Kennedy, and the third was put on the payroll of the Immigration and Naturalization Service."

In addition to wiretaping, a great deal of "bugging"that is, eavesdropping with microphone-type listening devices-also occurred during the Kennedy years. Some of it came to light after Robert Kennedy had won election as senator. The revelations were to prove intensely embarrassing to Kennedy who, in seeking eventually to become his party's presidential standard bearer, was busily cultivating the liberal community which, for the most part, had a decided distaste for electronic surveillance.

Probably the most sensational case involved Fred B. Black, Jr., a former next-door neighbor of Lyndon Johnson and business associate of LBJ's former "right-hand man" in the Senate, Bobby Baker. Black had been convicted in a tax evasion case. Things looked pretty black for Black, he told me, until one day the maid who was cleaning a hospitality suite he kept at the Sheraton-Carlton Hotel told him that several "repairmen" had come in and installed something near a lamp. Sure enough, it was a "bug." Black called his attorney.

This forced the Justice Department to move. On May 24, 1966, Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall filed a memorandum with the Supreme Court which disclosed that early in 1963, at about the time a Missouri grand jury was listening to evidence against Black, the FBI had "bugged" his hotel suite. Accounts of Black's conversations with his lawyers, among other things, were passed on to Justice officials. Other references in the taped conversations had to do with Lyndon Johnson. These too were passed on to Justice and presumably to Bobby himself; at least Johnson thought so. Eventually the Supreme Court vacated Black's conviction and ordered a new trial.

Kennedy's office issued a statement asserting that the senator had no knowledge of the "bugging" of Black's suite. In effect he placed the onus on the FBI.

So sensitive was he about discussions of his finances that he sought to head off publication by Life of an article on the subject. Despite a personal appeal by the President, the editors went ahead with the piece, entitled "How LBJ's Family Amassed Its Fortune."

Written by investigative reporters Keith Wheeler and William Lambert, the article made clear their gut feeling that the public record did not necessarily reveal the entire story. Thus, in analyzing the family's numerous real estate deals, Wheeler and Lambert had this to say: "Following the trail of some of these transactions resembles the action in a Western movie, where the cowboys ride off in a cloud of dust to the south, the herd stampedes northeastward, the Indians start to westward but, once out of sight, circle toward the north, the rustlers drift eastward and the cavalry, coming to the rescue, gets lost entirely-all over stony ground leaving little trace."

Needless to say, the article was written without the cooperation of the White House; nevertheless its authors placed the Johnson assets at about $14 million. Several days later the White House released an audit which put the figure at $3.5 million. Again there was deception. For the lower figure was based on the purchase price of the family's holdings and not the contemporary market value.

Except for Life, the Wall Street Journal, and a few other publications, the media generally remained mum about the unseemly growth of Johnson's wealth while in office. There was no spree of digging or moralizing, with scores of bloodhound reporters on the case, as there was to be when Nixon's finances-trifling as compared with his predecessor's-became an issue.

The role of Bobby Baker in the building of the Johnson fortune was never fully cleared up. The main reason, of course, was the refusal of Senate Democrats to permit any probing of that curious relationship. Even President Kennedy had often wondered out loud about how LBJ made his money. But Kennedy, as he told Bradlee on October 22, 1963, was fairly certain Johnson had not been "on the take since he was elected." Before that, Kennedy told his friend, "I'm not so sure." At the same time, on that day, Kennedy indirectly acknowledged that LBJ, while serving one heartbeat away from the presidency, had been improperly tooling around the country in Grumman corporate jets. Exactly one month later John Kennedy's heart stopped beating, and the nation had a new President.

Also misused on White House orders was the IRS. Full field investigations of Reynolds's friends and business associates were launched by chief counsel Sheldon Cohen, formerly a young law associate of Fortas. Don Reynolds himself, warned that his life might be in danger, later fled the country.

Meanwhile LBJ sought to divorce himself completely from Baker. He let the word get out that he was abandoning him. And, as was reported by Evans and Novak, "This irritation with his former protégé was heightened by the President's deep concern over whether Attorney General Kennedy would use the Baker case against him in some way."

LBJ had good reason to be concerned. He well knew that Bobby was no friend of his and, in fact, resented that he had succeeded to the office won at the polls by his beloved brother. To the Kennedyites LBJ was a "usurper." Moreover Johnson did not know how much Bobby knew about him and what he intended to do with that information. As an Attorney General not beholden to him, Kennedy might proceed on certain investigations that could prove damaging to the new President.

Also giving LBJ nightmares was the fear that Baker, who knew so much, might spill the beans. And Baker was indeed indicating that he might do just that unless he were bailed out of his difficulties. The word went out to Democratic leaders that LBJ wanted a lid placed on the Senate probe of Baker's affairs then under way.

Of course there was still Senator Williams who, despite all sorts of threats and obstacles being hurled in his path, refused to lay off. But the threats had their effect on potential witnesses who had promised to tell all they knew about Baker. One important businessman, who previously had said he would provide evidence, told the senator, "I don't know what you're talking about, Senator. I never talked to you before in my life. I'm sorry, but I'm sure you understand."

The senator himself began to feel the heat of an angered LBJ. What he did not know was that the very night LBJ assumed the presidency, he had spoken to Abe Fortas about Williams. On that occasion the new President vowed to punish Williams. There was talk about turning the IRS loose on the Delaware maverick, perhaps getting enough on him to send the "bastard" to jail on an income tax rap. And if that wasn't feasible, the Democrats would flood the state with money to try to defeat the "sonofabitch" when he came up for reelection the next year. All of which was done.

Also in the works was a campaign of character assassination. Williams was called a "crackpot" by Democratic members of the Rules Committee. Others said he just hated Democratic presidents, recalling his earlier relentless attacks on the Truman administration. Drew Pearson wanted to know why Williams had not been outraged by Eisenhower's acceptance of expensive gifts while serving in office. The Washington Post helped the LBJ cause by publishing a false, unchecked story alleging that the senator had been using hidden microphones in his office to record interviews.

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The Democrats Did It Too

NOW, here's a funny thing. Victor Lasky, who made a reputation of a sort with unrestrained attacks on John and Robert Kennedy, has written a book charging the press with unrestrainedly attacking Richard Nixon and in fact driving him from office.

By Victor Lasky. 438 pp. New York: The Dial Press. $10.

“It Didn't Start With Watergate” is divided into two parts. The first is a clip‐and‐paste job from Mr. Lasky's books about the Kennedys, which were themselves clip‐and‐paste jobs, relying mainly on newspapers and magazines Mr. Lasky finds untrustworthy, of every piece of fact, innuendo and surmise that could be turned against their protagonists. In this section, the author is the scourge of Democratic politicians from F.D.R. to L.B.J. for unsavory goings on from the oval office to the bedroom that, he argues, were insufficiently publicized by journalists. Serious matters involving the bugging of Martin Luther King, the Bay of Tonkin resolution and the shenanigans of the 1960 election are tossed into the pot along with gossip about the suicide of Marilyn Monroe and John Kennedy's sexual proclivities. The cast of characters includes Bobby Baker, Walter Jenkins, Judith Exner and Jimmy Hoffa as well as Castro, Trujillo and Diem. Anything Dick Nixon did, others did

This so's‐your‐old‐man approach to recent history prepares the reader for the avuncular second half of the book, the drift of which is not only that Mr. Nixon used less bad language and told fewer lies than anybody since Abe Lincoln, but he did hardly anything that cannot be explained as the action of a pure‐spirited statesman beset by institutions like The Washington Post which, for unscrupulous reasons of their own, sought his downfall.

It's a pity that this theme—the uses of the power of the press to serve private and political ends—should have fallen into such hands. The book is a model of tendentiousness, infected with a sensibility that finds Martin Luther King's motel‐room encounters more delicious than the tale requires. We must hear twice that Lyndon Johnson referred to John Kennedy as a “spavined hunchback.” Mr. Lasky is fond of the word “sleazy,” and the attraction is suggestive. He is like the fabled preacher who no sooner finishes his sermon on the perversities of the people who don't attend his church than he Jumps into his leather boots and goes after the organist.

Here is the sermon in a nutshell. After giving a hilarious deadpan interpretation of the “smoking gun” tape and related testimony (Nixon was concerned about national security he was in earnest when he told his hapless F.B.I. director, “Pat, you just continue your aggressive and thorough investigation”), Mr. Lasky concedes that the President conceded that he had, on occasion, lied. The author comments: “One would have thought from the consequent uproar that previous Presidents had never lied that what Nixon had done was peculiarly Nixonian. The fact is, however, that mendacity is intrinsic in the government process. Franklin Roosevelt lied about not getting involved in foreign wars Eisenhower lied about the U‐2 flight Kennedy lied about the Bay of Pigs and Johnson lied about Vietnam. And in each of these cases far more was at stake than a thirdrate political burglary. For, as the slogan had it at the time, “No one died at the Watergate”.

It's like a parody of Fred Buzhardt: The “Saturday Night Massacre,” when Archibald Cox & Co. bit the dust, had something to do with the Middle East crisis, which we are reminded, Mr. Nixon handled with typical courage. The notorious Huston Plan, which recommended mail covers, electronic surveillance and clandestine entries for dealing with “extremists,” was approved by the President as “an effort to spare the nation from the threat of a violent clash between the New Left and the repressive demagogues seeking to fill the vacuum left by a government powerless in the face of mounting violence.” Mr. Lasky, a booster of the Comcommittees of the 1950's, is offended by the behavior of the Ervin and Rodino committees. His enemies list features Judge Sirica. And so it goes.

There is no want of material in the Watergate saga to invite the attentions of less partisan temperaments and less charmless stylists than Victor Lasky: The long‐standing use by the White House of the I.R.S., the F.B.I. and other agencies to harass opponents. The sycophanty of elements of the press toward politicians like the Kennedys. The unjudicial workings of the judiciary committee.

Victor Lasky is right — it didn't start with Watergate. But when he dismisses that episode as a third‐rate burglary, he gives away his game. The issues here revolve about the use of power. Richard Nixon, who drifts through these pages like a sacrificial figure, is very much part of the problem.

Mr. Lasky uses as an epigraph a quotation from Macaulay critical of the political Mill ance that drove Robert Walpole from office. The comparison of Walpole with Nixon reminds us that Macaulay, though a defender of the fallen Prime Minister, was honest enough to grant: “His dominant passion was the love of power: and the heaviest charge which can be brought against him is that to this passion he never scrupuled to sacrifice the interests of his country.” ■

From the invention of the encased universal joint, which literally unchained the industry by eliminating sprockets and chains, to the development of fully integrated propulsion systems for today&rsquos most complex electrified powertrains, Dana remains a leader in revolutionizing power conveyance.

Over the years, our products have helped drive history&rsquos greatest vehicles&mdashfrom the Model T and the World War II-era Jeep, to one of the first mass-produced battery-electric vehicles. Our products are found in 18-wheel rigs, giant earth-moving machines, and some of the fastest high-performance sports cars on the market.

Today, we&rsquore proud to say we&rsquore one of only 52 companies that has made the Fortune 500 list every year since it was first published in 1955 and remain one of the longest-standing companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

Clarence Spicer starts his company on April 1, based on his patented invention of the encased universal joint, in Plainfield, New Jersey.

Dana conducts experiments of driveline concepts for electrical vehicles, decades before the production of hybrid and electric cars.

Despite a global pandemic, we continued to keep our people safe and deliver innovative solutions to our customers.

Clarence Spicer starts his company on April 1, based on his patented invention of the encased universal joint, in Plainfield, New Jersey.

The first C.W. Spicer "U-joints" are shipped to Corbin Motor Company in Connecticut.

Customer roster grows to include Buick Motor Co., Olds Motor Works, Mack Bros. Motor Co. (later Mack Trucks), Kelly-Springfield Motor Truck Co., and American Motors.

Clarence Spicer's business changes its name to Spicer Manufacturing Company.

Attorney Charles Dana purchases a controlling interest in Spicer Manufacturing Company. Decades later, in 1955, he says, "I don't know what would have happened if I hadn't gone into the Spicer company. Mr. Spicer had a joint that was really wanted by car and truck manufacturers. If it had gone off the market, I sometimes wonder what would have happened to the automotive industry."

Charles Dana becomes president and treasurer.

With an eye on growth beyond universal joints and propeller shafts, Charles Dana completes three big acquisitions of frame, transmission, and axle manufacturers. One of these companies, Salisbury Axle, later becomes the Spicer Axle Division of Dana.

Spicer is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

Profits rise considerably due to increased production of automobiles priced under $1,000 and truck demand by the U.S. government.

Spicer begins international operations in England.

Spicer relocates its headquarters and most operations to Toledo, Ohio, closer to Detroit, the center of the automotive world.

The Great Depression and lower vehicle production volumes hit Spicer's sales and earnings. The company returns to profitability in 1933.

Clarence Spicer's last of 40 U.S. and French patents is issued Dec. 20, less than a year before he dies.

Sales of cars, trucks, and buses hit their lowest point in the Depression era, but Spicer remains profitable.

As the U.S. begins war mobilization, the company retools for production of military vehicles and other war materials throughout World War II.

Spicer Manufacturing Corporation is renamed Dana Corporation in recognition of Charles Dana's 32 years of leadership. Spicer becomes the brand name for the company's driveline products.

At its 50th anniversary, Dana employs 3,500 people.

Dana expands international operations to South America.

The New York Times declares Dana's Powr-Lok® differential to be "among the more significant engineering improvements" in automotive history.

Company introduces the first cruise control on 1958 Chrysler models.

Expands business to the heavy truck, off-highway, and farm equipment markets.

Global operations are now located in Argentina, Mexico, Japan, Sweden, South Africa, and Spain.

"Spicer Search" contest seeks the company's oldest transmission still in operation. A 1919 Model 50 Brown-Lipe transmission, still in service on a truck, takes the grand prize.

Dana acquires the Victor Gasket Manufacturing Company.

Charles Dana retires as Chairman and CEO after 53 years of continuous service.

Dana conducts experiments of driveline concepts for electrical vehicles, decades before the production of hybrid and electric cars.

Dana exports products to 123 countries.

Dana breaks the $1 billion sales barrier.

Charles Dana is inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame.

Dana celebrates its 75th anniversary.

Dana rapidly grows in the fields of electronic, mechanical, and fluid power.

Spicer Driveshaft Division develops the industry's first all-aluminum driveshaft.

Dana exceeds $4 billion in annual sales.

Dana acquires the Reinz Company and forms the new Victor Reinz brand for its gaskets, sealing products, and heat shields.

Clarence Spicer is inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame.

Dana has 3,500 employees in Asia business with Japanese manufacturers alone grows to $240 million.

Dana acquires Plumley Rubber Company in Paris, Tennessee, to bolster its sealing products portfolio.

Dana makes its largest acquisition to date, buying Clark-Hurth Components from Ingersoll-Rand to create the Off-Highway Components Group.

Dana acquires Long Manufacturing (established in 1903), adding extensive thermal-management capabilities.

Spicer Driveshaft Division wins the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award.

Dana receives the Ford Motor Company Citizenship Award in recognition of its minority-development efforts, community support, and environmental initiatives.

Ford honors Dana with a World Excellence Award as one of the company's top suppliers for 2002.

Volvo honors Dana with the Award of Excellence.

GM honors Dana as a 2002 Supplier of the Year for its fuel cell technology.

Dana celebrates its 100th anniversary.

A 180,000-square-foot engineering center opens in Toledo, Ohio.

Dana extends its leadership position in the commercial vehicle driveline market with a 50 percent stake in Dongfeng Dana Axle Co., Ltd., its joint venture in China.

Completes strategic agreement with SIFCO S.A., making Dana the leading supplier of complete drivelines in South America.

Dana introduces Spicer® Pro-40™ tandem drive axles with reduced weight (100 pounds) and improved power density for heavy trucks.

Partners with Bosch Rexroth AG to develop a hydromechanical variable transmission to reduce fuel consumption in off-highway vehicles by as much as 20 percent.

Honored with Frost & Sullivan Best Practice Award for Technology Innovation for the proprietary process behind Spicer® Diamond™ Series driveshafts®.

Dana and Ford are honored with the Automotive News PACE Innovative Partnership Award for bringing the marketplace a thermal technology that improves fuel efficiency by up to 4 percent.

The Dana China Technical Center, a 129,000-square-foot facility in Wuxi, Jiangsu Provence, China, opens.

Dana named to Forbes' list of America's 100 Most Trustworthy Companies for 2014.

Dana and Audi are awarded a 2015 Automotive news Pace Innovation Partnership Award for developing Victor Reinz partially coated multi-layer steel valve body separator plates.

Dana opens its 16th technology center in Cedar Park, Texas and the Dana Spicer Thailand gear manufacturing facility.

James K. Kamsickas named President and CEO.

Dana Holding Corporation changes name to Dana Incorporated.

Dana named to Forbes' list of America's 100 Most Trustworthy Companies for 2016.

Completed acquisition of Brevini Group, S.p.A. power transmission and fluid power businesses for off-highway applications.

Dana breaks ground on new gear manufacturing facility in Europe.

Dana inaugurates new Toledo, Ohio production facility, once home to the original Jeep® Plant.

Dana earns Automotive News PACE Award for multi-layer steel transmission pump gasket.

Dana opens its 16th Chinese facility in Yancheng, producing thermal-management and new-energy solutions.

Dana and Hydro-Quebec announce strategic joint venture, positioning Dana as a leader in power generation and conveyance for electrified vehicles.

Dana earns Automotive News PACE Award for Spicer® AdvanTEK® Ultra™ Axle System.

Dana completes purchase of the drive systems segment of Oerlikon Group. Includes Graziano and Fairfield brands as well as Vocis, Ltd. and Ashwoods Electric Motors.

Dana recognized by General Motors as a 2019 Supplier of the Year Winner for Driveline Technologies and FCA Supplier of the Year for Value Optimization.

Despite a global pandemic, we continued to keep our people safe and deliver innovative solutions to our customers.

We received more than 20 customer and industry honors in 2020, including being named a World’s Best Employer by Forbes and one of America’s Most Responsible Companies by Newsweek.

Dana completes purchase of Rational Motion GmbH and PI Innovo to further expand our electrification capabilities and expertise as the only supplier capable of delivering all elements of a complete, fully integrated electrified system across all mobility markets.

President Trump visited Dana Warren, Mich., United States in recognition of the USMCA, a bi-partisan agreement in which Dana was supportive.

Milestone: Surpassed 1 billion customer miles driven with Dana TM4 motors.

Dana committed to reducing its total annual greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50 percent before the end of 2035.

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  • Grace Hopper Born Grace Brewster Murray in New York City, NY, Grace Hopper was educated at Vassar College and Yale University. She became an associate professor of mathematics at Vassar, and joined the Navy in 1942. She was assigned as a programmer on the Mark I, the first large-scale U.S. computer. She is credited with inventing the compiler, a program that translates instructions for a computer from English to a language the computer can understand. She helped develop COBOL (the Common Business-Oriented Language) for the UNIVAC, the first commercial electronic computer. By a special act of Congress she was promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral in 1983.
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  • Norman Rockwell (1894 - 1978) Famous painter and illustrator born in New York City, may be one of America's best-known modern illustrators. He drew countless covers for the magazine Saturday Evening Post and his poster series The Four Freedoms was widely reproduced during the second World War.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882 - 1945) 32 nd President of the United States (1933-1945) born in Hyde Park.
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  • Ralph Waite (June 22, 1928 - February 13, 2014) was an American actor. His best known role was as John Walton, Sr., on the 1970s CBS TV series The Waltons, which he also occasionally directed. He also portrayed the slave ship first mate Slater in the mini-series Roots. In addition, he appeared in many guest roles on numerous television series.Waite, the oldest of five children, was born in White Plains, New York, the son of Esther Mitchell and Ralph H. Waite, a construction engineer. Before becoming an actor, Waite served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1946 to 1948, graduated from Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, and briefly was a social worker. He earned a master's degree from Yale University Divinity School and was a Presbyterian minister and religious editor at Harper & Row in New York City before deciding on an acting career
  • Denzel Washington (1954 - ) Actor that became well known on St. Elsewhere, and later in movies such as Cry Freedom and Remember the Titans born in Mount Vernon.

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Find more more New York famous people below. You may not even realize many of these famous people were born in New York or notable associated with New York, including actors, actresses, explorers, historical figures, inventors, musicians, novelists, professional athletes, important politicians, singers, sport stars and more.

J.F.K.: The Man and The Myth [Inscribed]

New York: Macmillan, 1963. Octavo G+/G- Hardcover w/ Dustjacket Green spine with Gold and Beige text Dustjacket protected by mylar covering, some edgewear, some shelfwear, fraying and small open tears along spine edges and at corners, small open and closed tears along edges of both covers Boards strong, some edgewear, slight shelfwear, rubbing to corners Textblock clean 653 pp Inscribed by author to labor columnist Victor Riesel.

Price: $26 save 25% $19.50

It Didn't Start with Watergate

In 1963, Victor Lasky intruded upon the waning idylls of the Kennedy Administration with his caustic bestseller, JFK: The Man and the Myth. Now Lasky is back with another blockbuster.

If its tone weren't a bit too apologetic for Republican misdeeds, It Didn't Start with Watergate would be more palatable and, indeed, more credible. Even so, it makes revealing, intriguing and—for those who retched at the craven hypocrisy of the Nixon witch-hunt days—very satisfying reading.

Much of what Lasky has to say in his unabashedly strident fashion will be familiar to most. He strives to construct from many sources a single, encyclopedic account of all the political deceit, corruption, and skullduggery of the last 40 years. It is this, and not any claim to reportorial originality, that is the book's main virtue.

The more one reads, the more one comes to the author's conclusion that the sins of Nixon were greatly overshadowed by those of his predecessors. There is no lack of examples. For instance, Lasky tells of how Kennedy used the Internal Revenue Service against Nixon and his campaign manager, Robert Finch, after his 1960 election victory. More vicious was the Kennedy use of the Federal Communications Commission, as well as the IRS, to silence right-wing organizations and spokesmen in preparation for the 1964 election—all in a surreptitious manner that would have made latter-day "plumbers" and money launderers proud. "The irony," Lasky writes, "is that the IRS witch-hunt, particularly as it was concentrated against right-wing dissenters, was applauded by the very same people who later were to raise unshirted hell when the Nixon administration sought to use the same techniques to 'contain'&hellipthe Black Panthers, the Weathermen and other violence prone New Left groups."

And Kennedy did not limit himself to abusing only right-wing radio commentators. Anyone who dared criticize Camelot found himself on the White House "enemies list" of that day. Even Washington Post Editor and sometime-Kennedy confidant Benjamin Bradlee was wiretapped, according to Lasky, who was himself a victim of Kennedy harassment.

For cover-ups it is hard to beat the Johnson-era whitewashing of the Bobby Baker scandal, when some of the same Democrats who later sat on the Senate Watergate Committee blocked attempts to make Johnson aide Walter Jenkins testify.

Campaign espionage? How about "Landslide Lyndon's" electronic surveillance of Barry Goldwater in 1964? Of course, Johnson didn't limit himself to spying on his Republican opponents, having earlier used the FBI against Democratic rivals.

Then there were even more unsavory FBI exploits against Martin Luther King, Jr., and others, under the specific direction and approval of "liberal" saints like Attorneys General Robert Kennedy, Nicholas Katzenbach, and Ramsay Clark.

Right up until the break of the Watergate scandal, the bitterest critics of Republican mischief engaged in equally culpable activity. While denouncing the school-boy antics of Donald Segretti, George McGovern was using legendary dirty trickster Dick Tuck to undermine the hopes of his intraparty foes. And where was illicit campaign financing more rife than in the milk-fund largesse of big-name Democrats?

The list goes on and on, but alas, Lasky grows more and more partisan. And when he attempts to show that Nixon was innocent of real involvement and was merely betrayed by subordinates, he falters. When he goes so far as to defend the Huston Plan for the use of mail covers, electronic surveillance, and illegal break-ins against "the left," then the book degenerates into pure right-wing dogma at its worst, which puts the author in the same class as many of the White House lackeys he claims to disdain. Nevertheless, surely one pro-Nixon book can be tolerated among the raft of less-than-honest diatribes that has glutted the market in the aftermath of Watergate.

Moreover, despite its shortcomings, the Lasky book is more than mere sour grapes offered up by a vengeful Republican of the right. In fact, it can be read as a relevant commentary on contemporary events. For after Nixon was driven from office, after all the putrefying gore of governmental abuse of power had been unearthed, too many people naively relaxed and gave in to the hope that, as Gerald Ford put it, "our long national nightmare is over."

What this particular Watergate account does, at its best, is to use historical perspective to show that for some time—since it abandoned the Constitution and adopted imperial hubris—America has been living in one continual nightmare. Even today, so soon after the devil had supposedly been exorcised from Washington, that nightmare continues:

• The old atmosphere of fawning, uncritical acceptance, which fostered so much presidential hoodwinking of the public in the past—has returned to White House press conferences.

• Congress engages in wrist slapping against Budget Director Bert Lance, whose flagrant financial misdealings should have disqualified him immediately from his crucial position of public trust. And it has been revealed that the Comptroller of the Currency knew about Lance's underhanded use of correspondent bank connections but curtailed its investigation after Jimmy Carter was elected.

• The Korean influence scandal "investigation"—dominated by the same Democrats who sanctioned the bribes-taking for years—meanders lethargically with scarcely a hint of the hue and cry that greeted GOP transgressions.

• And the trampling of civil liberties proceeds in earnest, the latest example being the massive raids (since declared unconstitutional in part) on the Church of Scientology. The raids were done openly and publicly, but that doesn't make them any less scary. In fact, former Washington ACLU Director Charles Morgan recently told a group of libertarians in the nation's capital that, "post-Watergate morality" or not, "people who stand against the government—left or right—can expect the government to fight back." Because of its libertarian stands, particularly on the international intelligence agency Interpol, Morgan said that "there are people in the IRS and FBI who would like nothing better than to get the Church of Scientology."

By documenting all the disgusting debauchery of authority emanating from Washington over the past 40 years, Lasky should have laid to rest the notion that Watergate was some kind of isolated, freak incident attributable to the vague, vicious personality of one man. While probably not intending to do so, Lasky shows that corruption, assaults on personal liberties, political sabotage, and so on are constant, inevitable phenomena in a society that is proceeding down the road to government omnipotence. The activities described in It Didn't Start with Watergate are nothing more than the acting out of Garret Garet's thesis in The People's Pottage. Writing some 30 years ago, Garet feared that, having sold out their own heritage of freedom and independence for the beguiling security and largesse of the "warfare-welfare state," Americans would soon have to pay the price of this Faustian bargain in terms of ubiquitous governmental dishonesty.

Lasky leaves us little hope. Indeed, he implies that the American people have not seen the last, that Nixon will prove to have been one of our milder "nightmares." And Nixon, as Lasky points out, faced a hostile Congress, press, and international establishment. Which leaves us with the haunting question: What havoc might future, more popular presidents—unshackled by journalistic or legislative vigilance—wreak upon an unsuspecting public?

Mr. Beckner has a background in history and economics and is the editor of Deaknews, a financial newsletter.

October 25, 2016

Indium Corporation's Dr. Ron Lasky, Senior Technologist, delivers an informative overview of the history of, and insight into the future use of, indium metal in a video available at

As part of the Electronics Assembly with Phil Zarrow series, this video features Lasky and SMT expert Phil Zarrow, President and Principal Consultant for ITM Consulting, discussing historical and unique indium and indium alloy applications.

&ldquoIndium Corporation was the first company to find a practical use for indium in the 1930s, and that was for bearing lubricants in aircraft. It was used in solders and fusible alloys,&rdquo Lasky explains. &ldquoToday, one of the more interesting applications is that indium can be used as a superconductor, and it has a high nuclear cross-section for neutrons, so it's often used in nuclear control rods.&rdquo

For more information on indium, high-purity indium, and indium alloys, visit

Dr. Lasky, holder of the prestigious SMTA Founder&rsquos Award, is a world-renowned process expert and a Senior Technologist at Indium Corporation. He is also a Professor of Engineering and the Director of the Cook Engineering Design Center at Dartmouth College. He has more than 30 years of experience in electronics and optoelectronic packaging and assembly. Dr. Lasky has authored six books, and contributed to nine more on science, electronics, and optoelectronics. Additionally, he has served as an adjunct professor at several colleges, teaching more than 20 different courses on topics ranging from electronics packaging, materials science, physics, mechanical engineering and science, and religion. Dr. Lasky holds numerous patent disclosures and is the developer of several SMT processing software products relating to cost estimating, line balancing, and process optimization. He is the co-creator of engineering certification exams that set standards in the electronics assembly industry, worldwide. Dr. Lasky also authors a technology blog, which can be found at

Zarrow has been involved with PCB fabrication and assembly for more than 35 years. In addition to his background in automated assembly and cleaning, Zarrow is recognized for his expertise in surface mount reflow soldering technology, and in the design and implementation of SMT placement equipment and reflow soldering systems. His extensive hands-on experience also includes set-up and troubleshooting through-hole, and SMT processes throughout the world.

Indium Corporation is a premier materials manufacturer and supplier to the global electronics, semiconductor, thin-film, thermal management, and solar markets. Products include solders and fluxes brazes thermal interface materials sputtering targets indium, gallium, germanium, and tin metals and inorganic compounds and NanoFoil ® . Founded in 1934, Indium has global technical support and factories located in China, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the USA.

Victor Lasky - History

"JFK was pond scum." NEWSWEEK,
August 19, 1996.


Updated 14 December 2015

Stolen from (now defunct)
available on the "wayback machine"*/

black = original text by Mr. Willey
[X] = claims I have been able to verify (more or less). - C.P.
Bold red = my comments - C.P.

Blue = exact references and quotes supplied by myself.

Anyway, the following is the truth, and it was widely available for over 45 years. Mr. Willey is to be commended for his admirable little précis. - C.P.)

  • JFK did Lee Radziwill, Jackie's sister when Jackie was in hospital with Caroline [?].
  • JFK did Audrey Hepburn [?]
  • JFK did Jayne Mansfield for 3 years [?]
  • He also did Gene Tierney [X] [Reeves, p. 83] and Marlene Dietrich [Dietrich was allegedly bisexual and preferred women, but supposedly claimed to have slept with 3 of the 4 Kennedys: the Old Man, Jack and Bobby. Oh, well, if the price is right. Dietrich was also married for about 50 years although she did not live with her husband all that time. So who knows? - C.P.]
  • Other actresses tied to JFK in the press were Kim Novak, Janet Leigh and Rhonda Fleming [they were present at the inaugural party and ball. That's all I can tell so far. - C.P.].
  • Angie Dickinson [X] [Reeves, pp. 235-36] commenting on JFK’s brutal lovemaking style called it “the best 20 seconds of my life.” [?]
  • Jackie said JFK was a flop as a lover. She told a friend he "just goes too fast and falls asleep" as reported in the book GRACE AND POWER by Sally Smith [Many other women said the same thing. In other words, he was as egotistical sexually as he was politically. - C.P.]
  • During WWII JFK was a security risk at the Pentagon for his well-known affair with Nazi spy Ingrid Arvad. [I question whether she was really a spy but she had some National Socialist connections. Kennedy had no secrets to betray at the time, but it could have been an embarrassment. - C.P.]
  • In 1951 Kennedy had to pay off Alicia Purdom wife of a British actor half a million dollars after making her pregnant and then reneging on his promise to marry her [X] .
  • In 1956 Kennedy did Joan Lundberg [X] who says he loved threesomes and was a voyeur. He paid for her abortion and slept with her in Jackie’s marriage bed [Judith Campbell Exner said and did the same things but refused the threesome. - C.P.]
  • 90 minutes before the first televised debate with Nixon, JFK was with a call-girl. (Reeves p 202) [X] [This is also true of the other debates. - C.P.] He also had a call-girl inauguration night [X] [Not a whore, actually, just another idiot female at one of about 50 inaugural parties, held at Joseph Alsop's house, while Jacqueline was home at the White House. - CP.] [Reeves, p. 236] . The night before the inauguration, he cheated on his wife in their Georgetown house [X].
  • JFK kept an apartment at the Carroll Arms in Washington where he met young women [X]. After a year of marriage a friend said of Jackie, "Jackie was wandering around looking like a survivor of an airplane crash." (Reeves p 116) [X]
  • JFK did Mary Pinchot Meyer in about thirty White House visits from Jan '62 to Nov '63 [X] [Reeves, pp. 8, 75, 240-41, 321 Talbot, pp. 195-6 198-204 219 225 391]. She was mysteriously murdered in 1964 [X] and her diary of their affair ended up at the CIA [X]. Mary and JFK did drugs together.
  • JFK did David Niven's [seond] wife [X] . [He accomplished this in about ten minutes. - C.P.] [Reeves, p. 242]
  • JFK did Pamela Turnure, 23, a Jackie look-a-like, hired as Jackie's press secretary, in an affair that went on three years in the White House [X] . [Reeves, p. 242 Talbot, p. 333]
  • JFK did Fiddle and Faddle, Secret Service code names for 21 and 23 year old staff members hired mostly for sex. [X] [Reeves, 7, 242] . JFK tested dangerous drugs on them without their knowledge by putting drugs [amyl nitrate] in their drinks [X] . [Peter Lawford warned JFK not to take the stuff himself, because it was too dangerous. So they gave it to one of the girls! She appeared to be hyperventilating, but what did they care? What's the life of just another idiot female to a Kennedy? In short, JFK was just like Teddy -- no different. JFK could have had his very own "Chappaquiddick" at any time. - C.P.]

["'I saw [JFK personal aide] Dave Powers bring in two starlets who were easily recognizable. He had one [of the women] put a scarf over her heard. They had a White House car go out and pick her up at the airport, and Powers met her at the car and walked her up to the second floor'. It was Powers who arranged for the ambitious Hollywood starlets to fly into Washington to service the President. 'It might be their career if they told their [theatrical] agent in Hollywood they didn't want to play" [Secret Service agent Larry] Newman said. "A lot of agents felt sorry for a lot of the girls (. ), that they were used this way. There wasn't a thank-you -- not like an affair. It was just being used. (. ). Afterwards, while driving the women back to the airport, [JFK personal aide Dave] Powers would 'counsel' the women, essentially warning them, Newman said, 'that if this ever gets out in any way, your career is through'" - Hersch, pp. 229-230].

The best source for Marilyn's murder is The Life and Curious Death of Marilyn Monroe, NY:Pinnacle House 1974, by her former husband Robert F. Slatzer.

JFK is quoted by Traphes Bryant as saying to a friend, "I'm not through with a girl till I've had her three ways." (Reeves p 241) [X] [Presumably this means three times a day, before meals, shake well. Or is he referring to something else? - C.P]

During a 1961 meeting in Bermuda with British Prime Minister Harold McMillan Kennedy said, "I wonder how it is with you, Harold? If I don't have a woman for three days, I get terrible headaches." There is a much more vulgar Kennedy quote along the same line in Hersh page 389. [The quote is: "[Bobby] Baker told of one meeting early in the presidency when he was invited to the Oval Office to meet with Kennedy. 'He really didn't want to talk about the Senate. He just said, "You know, I get a migraine headache if I don't get a strange piece of ass every day'". - C.P.]


  • JFK graduated 64th in his high school class of 112 [X].
  • As a student his mind was undisciplined and according to his college tutorial record "will probably never be very original." [X] [Reeves, p. 48]
  • The book Why England Slept attributed to JFK was written by Blair Clark and Arthur Krock [They certainly rewrote it, the question is whether they wrote it in the first place. It was ungrammatical and full of incomplete and otherwise defective sentences, based almost entirely on magazine and newspaper articles pasted together. The family hired at least 3 or 4 professional writers to turn it into something publishable, including the addition of new material. -C.P. ] [Reeves, 49-51 for more on JFK's literary fakery, see Hersch pp. 17, 88, 116, footnote Reeves, pp. 9, 49-51, 117-18, 127-128, 157]. Harold Laski (a leftist, not to be confused with "right-wing" journalist Victor Lasky), said of it "it is very immature, it has no structure, and dwells almost entirely on the surface of things." [X] [Reeves, 50].
  • As a WWII commander of a patrol boat PT-109 off Western Australia, he managed through simply unbelievable incompetence to get it run over by a Japanese destroyer [The question is whether the incompetence was Kennedy's or that of the Navy generally, in the fine old tradition of "snafu". - C.P.] He then fabricated a story. His men called him “Shafty” and complained he spent more time chasing women than Japanese [This seems rather unfair to me. To me, the circumstances of the incident are not quite clear. The nickname was intended to ridicule his pronunciation [Victor Lasky, p. 112] . - C.P.]
  • 1946 House of Representatives race, his father spent $300,000 on his campaign in violation of law. JFK reported to the Massachusetts Secretary of State that there were no campaign contributions or expenditures [He also violated the law by registering late, although the law permitted no exceptions. The Kennedys were widely referred to as "carpetbaggers" in most of their electoral efforts [Victor Lasky, pp. 87, 122] . - C.P.] .
  • 1952 Senate seat was won by skullduggery (Reeves p 106) [So were all his other elections. - C.P.] .
  • Johnson on JFK, "He never said a word of importance in the Senate and never did a thing." [X] [He was absent most of the time and hardly voted. The only thing the Kennedys ever worked on was their own popularity. He spent 14 years [!] in the House of Representatives and Senate, and had one of the worst absentee records in both. He even said, "What's the point in hanging around Washington at the beginning of the season when I could be in Florida?" [Victor Lasky, p. 144] - C.P.] JFK promised Senator Stuart Symington that he was the 1960 VP choice, but then had a mysterious meeting with LBJ and Sam Rayburn at which Johnson blackmailed him with dirt given him by FBI Director Hoover [X].
  • Profiles in Courage was written by Sorenson [raised as a Unitarian but son of a Russian Jewish feminist named Anna Chaiken [Talbot, p. 40] , i.e., Sorensen would have been eligible for citizenship in Israel . - C.P.] and Davids. JFK "served principally as an overseer or, more charitably, as a sponsor and editor, one whose final approval was as important for its publication as its birth." (Reeves p 127) [X] JFK claimed unequivocally to be its author and its authorship was always a sore point with him. Joe Kennedy bought up copies to make it a best seller. Although this book was not nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, Joe Kennedy bought the prize for the book. (Reeves p 142) [X]
  • 1956 after the stillbirth of his child, JFK was with a boatload of females [including a particularly dumb blonde who referred to herself in the third person as "Pooh" - C.P.] in the Mediterranean [X] and said "Why should I go back? What good would it do?" [?] [Oh, well, Jackie only married him mainly for his money and knew what he was to start with. The whole marriage was a fake. It is rumoured (but not proven) that Old Man Joe offered her a million dollars not to divorce him. Jackie had almost no money of her own when she married and revenged herself by spending up to 40,000 dollars a month, enraging JFK, who was notoriously tight-fisted. Like all the Kennedys, JFK never carried money. Whenever he went out for drinks or a meal, he cadged money from his companions and/or hangers-on. If they wanted to be repaid, they had to "invoice" the Old Man, as a "business expense". This is perhaps the best example of the manner in which the Kennedys treated ordinary people. In short, they were rich scum, who treated everybody around them like dirt, all their lives, and we're supposed to believe they cared about the blacks? - C.P.]
  • 1960 JFK stole the election which he had officially won by a mere 119,450 votes. Illinois State's Attorney Benjamin S. Adamowski charged on December 1 that the Chicago Democratic machine had stolen at least 100,000 votes. More than 10 percent of Chicagoans were left off polling lists, absentee ballots were not counted and there were many apparent erasures on the paper ballots. In Texas tens of thousands of ballots disappeared and The New York Herald Tribune reported that 100,000 votes tallied for Kennedy-Johnson never existed in the first place. They won Texas by 46,000 votes.
  • One of the reasons the mafia was so upset with Kennedy is that they had spent a lot of money and influence, especially in Chicago, to get him elected and then he and Bobby Kennedy turned on them. Particularly Jimmy Hoffa and the Chicago and Louisiana families were upset. Giancana told Judith Campbell Exner, "Listen, honey, if it wasn't for me, your boyfriend wouldn't even be in the White House." JFK had sent 250,000 dollars with Exner to Giancana for the mob to get out the union vote and make corrupt unions contribute to JFK's campaign [X].
  • It is likely that General Dynamics blackmailed JFK to give them the TFX fighter contract (Boeing had the better plane), 6.5 billion dollars, the largest in history to that point, after bugging Exner's apartment [X] .
  • JFK's first priority as President was the assassination of Prime Minister Lumumba of the Congo [Good job. The only good thing JFK ever did, if it is true. - C.P.] and Trujillo of the Dominican Republic [X] .
  • [NOTE: Lumumba was killed, not just because he was a "Communist", but because he ordered the gang rape of every white woman in the country, on the theory that if he ordered them all killed, there would be reaction, but if he had them all raped, the whites would leave, but otherwise nothing much would happen. Belgian paratroopers invaded and engineered a coup with other Africans, with American support. Lumumba was overthrown, taken out into the jungle by Africans led by Belgian paratroopers, and shot by a firing squad led by a Belgian lieutenant, whose identity is known. He has never been prosecuted. This was all proven in official reports published in Belgium at the time. When I was living in Belgium, the Belgian government decided to make "amends" by giving the Congo five billion euros -- I repeat: FIVE BILLION EUROS, in the midst of a never-ending civil war -- with 500 MILLION promised every year thereafter, to promote "initiatives favouring democracy", i.e., writing and talking garbage, like the Europeans. To the liberals, it is a "crime" to kill the enemies of your country even when they rape all your women! Liberals are lunatics, and should be dealt with in the same way. -C.P.]
  • JFK was reluctant on Civil Rights, the major issue of the day. (Reeves p 416) JFK made campaign promises to blacks that he did not keep which led to riots [He also made campaign promises to the Southern segregationists, then stabbed them in the back. - C.P.] . Akhil Reed Amar of Yale Law School faults JFK for appeasing Southern Democrats by stocking the lower federal bench with "notorious segregationists." RFK ordered extensive electronic surveillance of Martin Luther King admittedly "investigating the love life of a group leader for dissemination in the press." [X] [RFK also lied about it, and continued to lie even when Hoover released the orders with Bobby's signature on them -- perhaps the most fantastic example of Bobby's pathological mendacity. -C.P] [RFK: The Man Who Would be President, by Ralph de Toledano, pp. 364-67].
  • In the 1960 election, JFK concealed his Addison's disease and even stated flatly to the press "I have never had Addison's disease." That was a lie, of course. LBJ said Kennedy looked like "a spavined hunchback." The records show that Kennedy took codeine, Demerol and methadone for pain Ritalin, a stimulant meprobamate and librium for anxiety barbiturates for sleep thyroid hormone and injections of a blood derivative, gamma globulin, to combat infections. During the missile crisis, Kennedy was taking antispasmodics to control colitis antibiotics for a urinary tract infection and increased amounts of hydrocortisone and testosterone to control his adrenal insufficiency. For much of his life, Kennedy also suffered from severe and potentially dangerous bouts of diarrhea. Kennedy took anti-diarrheal drugs like Lomotil for relief. He also had high blood cholesterol, often in the range of 300, once at 410, which is twice the level now considered desirable. He had a tremendous proclivity for infections. Kennedy received "seven to eight injections of procaine in his back in the same sitting" before news conferences and other events, according to Dr. Kelman. Kennedy had developed osteoporosis by the 1930s and probably in his childhood. X-rays show spinal fractures and metal screws in the vertebrae unrelated to PT-109 injuries [X].
  • Berlin Wall - JFK pursued a risky confrontation (Reeves P 417) [X]. Later Kennedy at Berlin said "Ich bin ein Berliner." That literally means: "I am a jelly roll." If he meant to say he was a resident of Berlin (a lie), he should have left off the word 'ein'. (cf. a hamburger or a frankfurter refer also to food)[NOTE: this is incorrect “Ich bin ein Berliner” is perfectly correct German, but it took him a long time to learn to pronounce it. –C.P.]
  • 1961, May 25th, JFK, without consulting anyone, announced a race to the moon. Later he suggested to the UN not a race but a co-operative effort with the Soviets. His cost estimates were way off and critics pointed out that this was a misallocation of resources - that the government could not continue to spend huge sums on projects of marginal or doubtful value. The New York Times editorialized in March 1967 "We fail to see that it makes any great difference who reaches the moon first or whether the landing takes place in the 1960's or mid-1970's. The moon is not going away." [NOTE: This is one side of the "Moon" story. I have read this elsewhere. According to other authorities, there was a "Moon race" already going on, anyway, like it or not. - C.P.]
  • JFK used the FBI to his personal advantage and to silence press critics.
  • ENEMIES LIST! Nixon was impeached primarily for misusing the IRS. In early 1961 JFK planted family friend Carmine Bellino in the IRS with the title "special consultant to the president "and demanded that he have access to tax returns. They turned the IRS into a lending library. Quoting from the Wall Street Journal of January 28, 1997: "the Kennedys were far worse than Nixon in their manipulation of the IRS. The documents show that the Kennedys targeted non-exempt activist groups. And the auditing was done at the behest of politicians, not the professionals at the IRS. On December 20, 1961, Rogovin forwarded to Dean J. Barron, the IRS audit director at the time, a list of 18 organizations to investigate." Scores were targeted later including: Daughters of the American Revolution, the Americans Veterans Committee, the Conservative Society of America, Americans for Constitutional Government, All-American Society, the Conservatives, the Christian Crusade, Life-Line Foundation, Christian Echoes Ministry, the National Education Program of Harding College, the Anti-Defamation League of the B'nai B'rith, the Freeman Charitable Foundation, and the Christian Anti-Communist Crusade. Many of these groups had their tax-exempt status revoked. The Kennedys also targeted corporate taxpayers and at one point had a plan to target up to 10,000 groups.
  • The Peace Corps was paid voluntarism for unskilled do-gooders [X] .
  • Bay of Pigs, Cuba, April 15, 1961 - JFK interfered with the military operation both in planning and execution to make it worse did not keep commitments he had made, especially for airstrikes made public statements that the US would not support insurrection in Cuba which discouraged resistance to Castro, blamed others for its failure and lied to the public about it. JFK weakened the original plan to make it virtually certain to fail (both of the original CIA planners Esterline and Hawkins threatened to resign over the changes). JFK was directly told by Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Lemnitzer that the invasion "would have very little chance of success." The Joint Chiefs in a memorandum of January 27, 1961 wrote "The current Political-Para-Military Plan does not assure the accomplishment of the above objective nor has there been detailed follow-up planning to exploit that plan if it succeeds or for any direct action that might be required if the plan is found to be inadequate." JFK went ahead with the plan, according to Arthur Schlesinger, to impress Eisenhower and Kruschev. RFK led the cover-up to protect the president with a shield of lies that he had received bad advice and really didn't know much about it. Esterline says now "What I find so unacceptable is how cavalier they (the Kennedys) were in taking nearly 2,000 people and putting them out as animal bait." Four Americans and 114 CIA-trained Cubans were killed and 1,189 were captured [X] .
  • Cuban Missile Crisis - JFK brought the world to the brink of nuclear holocaust by pursuing a game of nuclear chicken that defines him as the riskiest president in history. Dean Acheson said JFK was "phenomenally lucky." We were too. JFK forced the public confrontation for political reasons and humiliated Kruschev, the man he had to deal with. JFK backed down on inspection for compliance and lied to the public about the resolution of the crisis, denying that we had agreed to withdraw vital U.S. installations from Turkey in exchange for the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba - a deal which was political poison. On October 22, 1963, JFK wrote his staff in a hand-written note "Is there a plan to brief and brainwash key press within 12 hours or so?" By being dishonest with the American people, JFK gave the Soviets, who had the facts, the power to destroy his Presidency and thereby unduly influence him. Also the timing was dishonest, he had known about the missiles since August 22 when informed by CIA Director McCone. He announced it on October 22nd to influence Congressional elections in favor of Democrats - the classic "October surprise." There is evidence that the Russians never removed their missiles, but at best the end result - status quo ante minus US missiles in Turkey - was clearly worse for the US. JFK's handling of the crisis to the point of our nuclear annihilation was the most irresponsible act of any president in history. His body was on speed and his mind was on sex at the height of the crises – he asked McNamara about an attractive Pentagon secretary, “I want her name and number. We may avert war tonight” [X] .
  • New terrorism - JFK ordered the CIA (100 million dollar Operation Mongoose) to sabotage the Cuban economy and assassinate Fidel Castro, showing an irresponsibility and lack of judgment bordering on dereliction. The CIA offered a 150,000 dollar open contract on Castro. Samuel Halpern, the CIA executive in charge of Task Force W whose sole purpose was to assassinate Castro, wrote that the Kennedys were obsessed about wanting Castro dead "for personal reasons - because the family name was besmirched by the Bay of Pigs." Even up to his death, JFK was directing an effort to manufacture pretexts to invade Cuba. These efforts may have precipitated the Cuban missile crises [X] .
  • November 1, 1963 JFK instigated a plot to overthrow and kill South Vietnam's Premiere Diem. JFK played politics with American lives in Vietnam, he put his election ahead of American lives. He feared that Diem, who was negotiating with the North, would force Americans out before the 1964 elections. Voice of America broadcasts called for the coup, JFK had cut off pay to the Palace Guard and American advisors were attached to almost every unit that attacked the Presidential Palace. The Viet Cong made huge advances in the resulting confusion. JFK had asked Air Force General Edward Landsdale, an ex-CIA man, to go to Saigon and help "get rid" of Diem (he refused). Lt. Col. Lucien Conein was used instead. The fundamental planning document was the August 30, 1963, memo to Secretary of State Dean Rusk from Roger Hilsman, Assistant Sec. State for Far Eastern Affairs. It said among other things, "We should encourage the coup group to destroy the palace if necessary to gain victory. " and in point 10 it ordered the death of Diem. In 1961 when JFK took office there were 685 US military advisors in Vietnam and in 1963 there were 16,732 (including combat troops) in violation of the 1954 Geneva Conventions and aid had gone up to $400 million per year. Kennedy said "now we have a problem in trying to make our power credible, and Vietnam looks like the place" [X] .

[The real reason Diem was killed was because he was allegedly negotiating with the Communists and wanted the Americans out of the country. At any rate, Diem considered himself a nationalist, and did not want to be an "American puppet". JFK did not want to "lose" Viet Nam and look "soft on Communism" before the '64 elections. So Diem was killed. Yet JFK's admirers claim JFK wanted to "get out of Viet Nam"! What this means, if it is true, is that JFK was willing to prolong the war for 12 to 18 months, if not longer, at the cost of tens of thousands of lives -- including hundreds of Americans -- just to get re-elected as a great "anti-Communist" and "defender of freedom", then stab his electorate in the back by "losing" Viet Nam in 1964! [Hersch, p. 430] Personally, I don't think JFK would ever have gotten out of Viet Nam voluntarily. It contradicted all his rhetoric of "defending freedom", and the whole Kennedy ethos of "toughness" and "winning". To the Kennedys, you could cheat, but you could not lose -- not even at touch football. Friends invited to the Kennedy home were warned not to be "too good" at games -- any game [Victor Lasky, pp. 92-94] . Jacqueline Kennedy broke an ankle playing "touch football" with the family shortly after she and Jack were married! [Victor Lasky, p. 92] . The Kennedys simply had to win, that's all -- regardless of the cost or consequences.

I am anti-Communist, but I have never believed that military conflict was the way to fight Communism. Communism was, and is, a parasitic economic system totally dependent on trade with Western economies. Werner Keller and Anthony C. Sutton have shown that "Soviet technology" is and was practically non-existent. Sutton also proved that there was a direct causal relationship between casualties in Viet Nam and trade with the Soviet Union. Yet Kennedy favoured that trade! So did every other President since Woodrow Wilson. All the trucks and tanks, all the machine guns, etc. used by the Communists in Viet Nam and Cuba were built in Soviet factories built by the Ford company and other American capitalists, often on credit. The USSR had 96 ships supplying North Viet Nam. Sutton obtained the specifications for 86 of them. All of them used propulsion systems and navigation technologies obtained from the West, the sale of which could have been blocked by the United States government. The ships carrying Soviet missiles to Cuba were propelled by engines built in Denmark. Again, the State Department could have blocked the sale, under the terms of an international agreement. Yet Kennedy favoured trade with the Soviets? Lenin said, "When it comes time to hang the capitalists, they will sell us the rope to do it with," and he was right. What's the point of building the Communists up since 1917, threatening to knock them down over Cuba, building them up again, then fighting them in Viet Nam to "contain Communism", while continuing to build them up at the same time? American policy is the product of an insane asylum. The irony is that Nixon and Johnson were in this respect even worse than Kennedy, although both were better qualified in other ways. - C.P.]

For every filthy Kennedy story you can't verify, you find 10 others just the same.

[" 'The first thing he did', recalled one of Jack's earliest helpers in his campaign, 'was to get one of Dowd's staff pregnant' (John Dowd had been hired by Jack's father as a publicity agent and was giving secretarial help to Jack). 'I went in one day -- I was taking a law degree after leaving the navy -- and I found him humping this girl on one of the desks in his office. I said, 'Sorry', and left! Later, the girl told my wife she had missed her period, then learned she was expecting. I told Jack.
'Oh shit!' was all he he said! He didn't care a damn about the girl -- it was just the inconvenience that bothered him! In that sense, he was a pretty selfish guy.' "
- Hamilton, p. 737] .

[" 'What they saw', [according to Secret Service agent Larry Newman], 'was [JFK personal aide] Powers banging a girl on the edge of the pool. The president is sitting across the pool, having a drink and talking to some broads. Everybody was buckass naked.' "
- Hersch, p. 245]

Look up the word "sociopath" and you'll find a perfect description of the Kennedys -- all of them.

To me, the secret to JFK's death lies in his life: find out what kind of person he was, and you'll find out who killed him (more or less), and why.

Personally, I wouldn't believe even 5% of the filthy stories I read about JFK if they were not admitted to by so many of his admirers. Just look around. Ordinarily, a person like that wouldn't even get a security clearance, because people with obsessive-compulsive, highly irregular sex lives are subject to blackmail and other forms of undue pressure and corruption by the very nature of the situation, they are unpredictable, unreliable and untrustworthy. And this guy gets elected President?

This is the true story that the Press Corps in Washington covered up for 30 years.

This is the man still promoted as an idol to whole new generations of Americans, chiefly through a variety of JFK assassination myths.

The absurdity of most of the assassination myths is shown by the information given here. No one familiar with JFK's personal habits -- and that includes the CIA, FBI, Secret Service, Mafia, KGB, Mossad, Fidel Castro, Press Corps, local party hacks, and half the country generally, but just not John Q. Sucker, the general public -- would try to shoot JFK from a distance, because any whore could have killed him at any time, and been 500 miles away or even out of the country before anybody even knew he was dead .

The Secret Service are trained to observe everything and be prepared to sacrifice their lives for the President, if necessary. But as soon as they went to work for JFK they were told to ignore everything they saw, forget everything, and keep their mouths shut [Hersch, p. 240]. Everywhere JFK went, local party hacks showed up at JFK's hotel with carloads of prostitutes who had to be admitted to his private quarters without any I.D. check, no search of their person, their purses, nothing. They could have been carrrying drugs, poison, weapons, syringes, spy equipment, anything

["We didn't know if these women were carrying listening devices, if they had syringes that carried some type of poison or if they had Pentax cameras that would photograph the president for blackmail" - Hersch, p. 229].

And when they left, the Secret Service weren't even allowed to enter the President's suite to see if he was still alive! To find out whether he was still alive, they had to wait until he came out next morning [Hersch, p. 226-230] , perhaps many hours later. The assassin could have been in Cuba, Israel or anywhere else by then.

Plus, JFK injected himself with massive doses of painkillers, and was constantly asking his friends and associates to inject him in the buttocks [Hersch, p. 235] . What happens if an assassin switches the medications for an overdose, or another drug, or poison? He could also have been forcefully injected, since he was incapacitated about half the time.

The only type of person (or persons) who would have bothered to try to shoot him from a distance (an effort almost certainly foredoomed to failure, with the resulting capture of the would-be assassin), would be an outsider (or outsiders), without inside information, resources or money, i.e., a loser, an attention-seeker, someone with a private grudge -- someone like Oswald.

And this is the Chief of State who spent years trying to poison Castro, hiring people who couldn't even get anywhere near the guy? Personally, I don't see how he could have gotten through even one more year in office without some huge scandal, or a disgraceful death of one kind or another.

One of his Secret Service agents is on record as saying the same thing: not one more year.

["In [Secret Service agent William T.] McIntyre's opinion, a public scandal about Kennedy's incessant womanizing was inevitable. 'It would have had to come out in the next year or so. In the [1964 presidential ] election campaign, maybe.' "- Hersch, p 248]

["Secret Service agent Larry Newman said:] 'You were on the most elite assignment in the Secret Service, and you were there watching an elevator or a door because the president was inside with two hookers. Your neighbours and everybody thought you were risking your life, and actually you were out there to see that he's not disturbed in the shower with two gals from Twelfth Avenue. Other times when we were in hotels around the country and Powers would bring these girls that we didn't know, we often said we would draw the black bean to see who got to testify before the House subcommittee (. ) if the president received harm or was killed in the room by these two women. This was the President of the United States, and you felt impotent and you couldn't do your job. It was frustrating.' " - Hersch, p.230]

["Secret Service agent Tony Sherman said:] 'I got mad (. ) I got angry at any president who doesn't treat the White House like I think he should (. ) The possibility of blackmail and things like that are astounding. I never knew the name of the outsiders, where they came from, where they were, or anything. I opened the door and said good evening and they said good evening. And in they went and the door shut. And when I reported for my shift the next day, the president was still alive.' " - Hersch, p. 243].

["(. ) 'You're going to see a lot of shit around here. Stuff with the president. Just forget about it. Keep it to yourself. Don't even talk to your wife.' Over the next few days, McIntyre said, he saw 'girls coming in -- hookers.' (. ) McIntyre recalled with a laugh, 'How the hell do you know what's going on? He could be hurt in there. What if one bites him' in a sensitive area? Despite such fears, McIntyre said, 'we would never stop them from going in if [JFK personal aide] Powers or [JFK personal aide] O'Donnell was with them. We wouldn't check them over.' " - Hersch, p. 246]

["According to Secret Service agent Tony Sherman:] 'It was just not once every six months, not every New Year's Eve, but was a regular thing (. ) I'm serious in my job. I didn't want a part of it. It's difficult to talk morally about other people, but we aren't talking about other people. We're talking about the President of the United States. We're talking about my country. And we're talking about people my age with wives and children who were willing to give their lives.' " - Hersch, p. 241]

["'Each agent is, after all, a sworn law enforcement officer', [McIntyre said], 'When you see some type of criminal offense, whether it's a misdemeanor or a felony, occurring in your presence, blatantly, that makes you feel a bit used' -- especially if it's done by the president. 'And if you have procurers with prostitutes paraded in front of you, then as a sworn law enforcement officer you're asking yourself, 'Well, what do they think of us?' (. ) McIntyre said he eventually realized that he had compromised his law enforcement beliefs to the point where he wondered whether it was 'time to get out of there. I was disappointed by what I saw.' " - Hersch, p. 241], etc. etc. etc.

Oh, well, a short life but a merry one. All tail to the Chief.

Portrait by Norman Rockwell
stolen from
"Do we operate under a system of equal justice under law? Or is there one system for the average citizen and another for the high and mighty?"
- Senator Ted Kennedy, 1973 -

- C.PORTER, 27 September 2008
updated 28 October 2008

A Question of Character: A Life of John F. Kennedy by Thomas Reeves
(politics + dirt)
The Dark Side of Camelot by Seymour Hersch

(a drop in the bucket of the tsunami of filth which could have been dumped on JFK at any time during the last 45 + years, or even during his brief reign as "Prince Jack I, Son of Arthur, King of Camelot", thus eliminating the need for any assassination. Why kill Presidents when you can give them the Watergate Treatment?
Nearly all modern JFK biographies tell essentially the same story, even those written by JFK admirers)
Reckless Youth by Nigel Hamilton
(detailed early biography + dirt)
An Unfinished Life by Robert Dallek
(JFK mendacity, extra-marital affairs and other trivia -- by an admirer)
John F. Kennedy: The Man and the Myth by Victor Lasky

(best purely political study of JFK as political non-entity, double-talker, political faker and failure -- no purely personal dirt)
(get the paperback, it's almost 800 pages long)
Robert F. Kennedy: The Myth and the Man by Victor Lasky
(hatchet job on JFK's executioner-in-chief)
RFK: The Man Who Would Be President by Ralph de Toledano
(RFK legal incompetence, opportunism, vindictiveness and mendacity)
etc. etc.

Other sources:
BROTHERS: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years by David Talbot
[Chosen at random for comparison, this conspiratorial hagiography conceals more than it reveals -- i.e., drunken, naked sex orgies are described as "the president relaxing in the pool" ["Jack was comfortable enough to ask [personal friend and Kennedy family intimate Bill] Walton to squire his [JFK's] mistresses to White House events. Bobby, on the other hand, did not share his brother's casual polymorphous perversity (p. 28 ) (emphasis added) ] ["There [at Peter Lawford's house], the president would enjoy himself, swimming in the pool and dining with Hollywood friends Angie Dickinson and Mrs. Billy Wilder on a lunch of cold vichyssoise, stuffed brandied squab with wild rice, a vegetable dish of peas and onions, and mixed green salad with Italian dressing, all finished off by chocolate tarts and coffee" (p. 78), i.e., the author tells us everything they ATE, but not everything they DID -- typical Kennedy admirer evasiveness. Talbot is obsessed with food what is "chilled sorrel soup" [p. 292] ?
Highly misleading on the Kennedy "anti-racketeering" crusade, which was, in fact, simply a protection racket. Mobsters who were Republicans, who contributed to Nixon and backed Nixon for President -- Jimmy Hoffa and Dave Beck, etc.-- were hounded into prison, while mobsters who were Democrats, contributed to the Kennedy campaign and backed JFK for President -- Walter and Victor Reuther -- were allowed to commit crimes with impunity! (On the Hoffa frame-up, see Ralph de Toledano, above.) Reading between the lines somewhat, Talbot, writing in 2007, admits that, although everybody believes in a JFK "assassination conspiracy", nobody has ever been able been find proof of one thus, it is like believing in ghosts (my conclusion). Oh, well, there's hope yet. Talbot admits that the Kennedy family secretly refused to cooperate with the Warren Commission and blocked any further investigation because they feared it might discredit the Kennedys! Several coy admissions of JFK's sexual irresponsibility and Mob connections also, that the 1960 election was rigged. Talbot also says JFK "dithered" and "agonized" over the coup d'état against Ngo Dinh Diem (p. 278), and was therefore not responsible for the results (the murder of Diem and his brother)! You could say the same thing about the Bay of Pigs. This is the whole Kennedy Presidency in a nutshell -- dithering and agonizing.
To sum up: if JFK's admirers are prepared to admit to JFK's "reckless philandering" (p. 135), jeopardizing the security of the United States his "many erotic adventures in the White House" (p. 199) his "many secret lovers" (p. 195) his double-talking and prevarication (or "multiple levels of deception", p. 216) his Mafia connections (p. 140) the stolen 1960 election (p. 136-7) * his unrealism, indecisiveness, cowardice and wishful thinking generally (or "dithering and agonizing", if you prefer -- for example, the Bay of Pigs and the murder of Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother) then what is there left to admire about the man?

* Talbot says Nixon stole, too, but the only "proof" he adduces is an oral allegation made by Mayor Daley's son, of Chicago.


(detailed study nobody gave a good Goddamn about the girl trapped in the car, not even the other girls who worked with her!
The only thing anybody in the whole state of Massachussetts wanted to do was protect the Kennedys, regardless of cost!
Thus are countries led to their ruin.
We need a national monument to Mary Jo Kopechne for saving us from any more Kennedys.)

R.I.P. - Your death was not in vain

Recommended website:

or click here
On Communism, see:
and TAG M ( recently translated as THE CHIEF CULPRIT ), by Victor Suvorov

WALL STREET AND FDR,by Anthony C. Sutton,

Victor Lasky - History

This website was compiled by
Daniel Immerwahr

The Books of the Century: 1960-1969

1. Allen Drury, Advise and Consent

2. James A. Michener, Hawaii

3. Giuseppe di Lampedusa, The Leopard

4. Irving Wallace, The Chapman Report

5. John O’Hara, Ourselves To Know

6. Marcia Davenport, The Constant Image

7. Mary Ellen Chase, The Lovely Ambition

8. Taylor Caldwell, The Listener

9. Nevil Shute, Trustee from the Toolroom

10. John O’Hara, Sermons and Soda-Water

Critically Acclaimed and Historically Significant

Lawrence Durrell, The Alexandria Quartet

E. H. Gombrich, Art and Illusion

John Updike, Rabbit, Run

W. W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth

S. M. Lipset, Political Man

John Courtney Murray, We Hold These Truths

Paul Goodman, Growing Up Absurd

Sheldon Wolin, Politics and Vision

Angus Campbell et al., The American Voter

E. H. Gombrich, Art and Illusion

Hans Gadamer, Truth and Method

Günter Grass, The Tin Drum

Barry Goldwater, The Conscience of a Conservative

Daniel Bell, The End of Ideology

Bruno Bettelheim, The Informed Heart

Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird

1. D. C. Jarvis, Folk Medicine

2. Better Homes and Gardens First Aid for Your Family

3. The General Foods Kitchens Cookbook

4. Alexander King, May This House Be Safe from Tigers

5. Better Homes and Gardens Dessert Book

6. Better Homes and Gardens Decorating Ideas

7. William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

8. Barry Goldwater, The Conscience of a Conservative

9. Jack Paar, I Kid You Not

10. Pat Boone, Between You, Me and the Gatepost

Fosco Maraini, Meeting with Japan

Alan Moorehead, No Room in the Ark

J. B. Priestley, Literature and Western Man

Nevil Shute, Trustee from the Toolroom

Laurie Lee, The Edge of Day

Giuseppe di Lampedusa, The Leopard

Walter Lord, The Good Years

Elizabeth Nowell, Thomas Wolfe

Vinnie Williams, Walk Egypt

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Politics of Upheaval

S. N. Behrman, Portrait of Max

William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

Keith Wheeler, Peaceable Lane

1. Irving Stone, The Agony and the Ecstasy

2. J. D. Salinger, Franny and Zooey

3. Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird

5. Harold Robbins, The Carpetbaggers

6. Henry Miller, Tropic of Cancer

7. A. A. Milne, Winnie Ille Pu , trans. Alexander Lenard (Latin)

8. Morris West, Daughter of Silence

9. Edwin O’Connor, The Edge of Sadness

10. John Steinbeck, The Winter of Our Discontent

Joseph Heller, Catch-22

Michel Foucault, Madness and Civilization

Ernest Nagel, The Structure of Science

Robert Dahl, Who Governs?

Erving Goffman, Asylums

Henry Miller, Tropic of Cancer (U.S. publication)

Clement Greenberg, Art and Culture

Walker Percy, The Moviegoer

V. S. Naipaul, A House for Mr. Biswas

Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities

Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

Arnold J. Toynbee, A Study of History

Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth

Richard Yates, Revolutionary Road

Lewis Mumford, The City in History

1. The New English Bible: The New Testament

2. William Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

3. Better Homes and Gardens Sewing Book

4. Casserole Cook Book

5. William Lederer, A Nation of Sheep

6. Better Homes and Gardens Nutrition for Your Family

7. Theodore H. White, The Making of the President, 1960

8. Dr. Herman Taller, Calories Don’t Count

9. Betty Crocker’s New Picture Cook Book: New Edition

10. Gavin Maxwell, Ring of Bright Water

Isak Dinesen, Shadows on the Grass

Ernest K. Gann, Fate is the Hunter

Rumer Godden, China Court

Graham Greene, A Burnt-Out Case

Irving Stone, The Agony and the Ecstasy

Paul Horgan, Citizen of New Salem

C. P. Snow, Science and Government

George F. Kennan, Rus and the West under Lenin and Stalin

Edwin O’Connor, The Edge of Sadness

Theodore W. White, The Making of the President�

John Gunther, Inside Europe Today

George Waller, Kidnap: The Story of the Lindbergh Case

Mark Schorer, Sinclair Lewis: An American Life

Bruce Catton, The Coming Fury

1. Katherine Anne Porter, Ship of Fools

2. Anne Morrow Lindbergh, Dearly Beloved

3. Allen Drury, A Shade of Difference

4. Herman Wouk, Youngblood Hawke

5. J. D. Salinger, Franny and Zooey

6. Eugene Burdick and Harvey Wheeler, Fail-Safe

7. Fletcher Knebel and Charles W. Bailey II, Seven Days in May

8. Irving Wallace, The Prize

9. Irving Stone, The Agony and the Ecstasy

10. William Faulkner, The Reivers

Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire

Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement

Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange

Barbara Tuchman, The Guns of August

Rachel Carson, Silent Spring

Michael Harrington, The Other America

Marshall McLuhan, The Gutenberg Galaxy

Edmund Wilson, Patriotic Gore

Ken Kesey, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom

Claude Lévi-Strauss, The Savage Mind

T. S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Jürgen Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere

Doris Lessing, The Golden Notebook

Victor Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning

Michael Oakeshott, Rationalism in Politics

1. Dr. Herman Taller, Calories Don’t Count

2. The New English Bible: The New Testament

3. Better Homes and Gardens Cook Book: New Edition

4. Virginia Cary Hudson, O Ye Jigs & Juleps!

5. Charles M. Schulz, Happiness Is a Warm Puppy

6. Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker, The Joy of Cooking: New Edition

7. Louis Nizer, My Life in Court

8. Frederic Morton, The Rothschilds

9. Helen Gurley Brown, Sex and the Single Girl

10. John Steinbeck, Travels with Charley

Al Dewlen, Twilight of Honor

Barbara W. Tuchman, The Guns of August

Mary Renault, The Bull from the Sea

Katherine Anne Porter, Ship of Fools

Emlyn Williams, George: An Early Autobiography

Herman Wouk, Youngblood Hawke

Barbara Ward, The Rich Nations and the Poor Nations

William Faulkner, The Reivers

John Steinbeck, Travels with Charley

Jane Barry, A Time in the Sun

Alan Moorhead, The Blue Nile

Rachel Carson, Silent Spring

Eugene Burdick and Harvey Wheeler, Fail-Safe

1. Morris L. West, The Shoes of the Fisherman

2. Mary McCarthy, The Group

3. J. D. Salinger, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters, and Seymour—An Introduction

4. James A. Michener, Caravans

5. John O’Hara, Elizabeth Appleton

6. Taylor Caldwell, Grandmother and the Priests

7. John Rechy, City of Night

8. Daphne du Maurier, The Glass-Blowers

9. Richard McKenna, The Sand Pebbles

10. Rumer Godden, The Battle of the Villa Fiorita

E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class

Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique

Richard Hofstadter, Anti-Intellectualism in American Life

Mary McCarthy, The Group

James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time

Nathan Glazer and Daniel Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot

Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem

William H. McNeill, The Rise of the West

Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can’t Wait

Maurice Sendak, Where the Wild Things Are

Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth

1. Charles M. Schulz, Happiness Is a Warm Puppy

2. Charles M. Schulz, Security Is a Thumb and a Blanket

3. Victor Lasky, J.F.K.: The Man and the Myth

4. John F. Kennedy, Profiles in Courage: Inaugural Edition

5. Virginia Cary Hudson, 0 Ye Jigs & Juleps!

6. Better Homes and Gardens Bread Cook Book

7. The Pillsbury Family Cookbook

8. Bob Hope, I Owe Russia $1200

9. Heloise’s Housekeeping Hints

10. Better Homes and Gardens Baby Book

Richard McKenna, The Sand Pebbles

Edmond Taylor, The Fall of the Dynasties

Peter Farb, Face of North America: The National History of a Continent

Eilene Bassing, Where’s Annie?

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

Jacques-Yves Cousteau with James Dugan, The Living Sea

Bruce Catton, Terrible Swift Sword

Catherine Drinker Brown, Francis Bacon: the Temper of a Man

Francis Bacon, Essays

James Morris, The Road to Huddersfield: A Journey to Five Continents

James A. Michener, Caravans

Will and Ariel Durant, The Age of Louis XIV

Rumer Godden, The Battle of the Villa Fiorita

J. Christopher Herold, The Age of Napoleon

Paul Gallico, Love, Let Me Not Hunger

1. John Le Carré, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold

2. Terry Southern and Mason Hoffenberg, Candy

3. Saul Bellow, Herzog

4. Leon Uris, Armageddon

5. Irving Wallace, The Man

6. Louis Auchincloss, The Rector of Justin

7. Richard E. Kim, The Martyred

8. Ian Fleming, You Only Live Twice

9. Mary Stewart, This Rough Magic

10. Fletcher Knebel and Charles W. Bailey II, Convention

Ralph Ellison, Shadow and Act

Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man

Clark Kerr, The Uses of the University

Ken Kesey, Sometimes a Great Notion

Surgeon General’s Office, Smoking and Health

Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can’t Wait

Gary Becker, Human Capital

1. American Heritage and United Press International, Four Days

2. Charles M. Schulz, I Need All the Friends I Can Get

3. John F. Kennedy, Profiles in Courage: Memorial Edition

4. John Lennon, In His Own Write

5. Charles M. Schulz, Christmas Is Together-Time

6. Jim Bishop, A Day in the Life of President Kennedy

7. Bill Adler, ed., The Kennedy Wit

8. Ernest Hemingway, A Moveable Feast

9. General Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences

10. Mark Shaw, The John F. Kennedys

A. L. Rowse, William Shakespeare: A Biography

David Westheimer, Von Ryan’s Express

Gene Smith, When the Cheering Stopped: The Last Years of Woodrow Wilson

Stanley Loomis, Paris in the Terror

Storm Jameson, The Blind Heart

Giovanni Guareschi, Comrade Don Camillo

Ernest Hemingway, A Moveable Feast

Robert Payne, The Life and Death of Lenin

Louis Auchincloss, The Rector of Justin

James Gould Cozzens, Children and Others

C. P. Snow, Corridors of Power

Charles Chaplin, An Autobiography

Françoise Gilot and Carlton Lake, Life with Picasso

1. James A. Michener, The Source

2. Bel Kaufman, Up the Down Staircase

3. Saul Bellow, Herzog

4. John Le Carr, The Looking Glass War

5. Robin Moore, The Green Berets

6. Irving Stone, Those Who Love

7. Ian Fleming, The Man with the Golden Gun

8. Arthur Hailey, Hotel

9. Morris West, The Ambassador

10. Herman Wouk, Don’t Stop the Carnival

The Autobiography of Malcolm X

Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., A Thousand Days

Harvey Cox, The Secular City

Lionel Trilling, Beyond Culture

Louis Althusser, For Marx

Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and Colonized

Daniel Patrick Moynihan, The Negro Family

Mancur Olson, Jr., The Logic of Collective Action

1. Dan Greenburg, How To Be a Jewish Mother

2. Ruth Montgomery, A Gift of Prophecy

3. Eric Berne, Games People Play

4. Billy Graham, World Aflame

5. Johnny Carson, Happiness Is a Dry Martini

6. Dag Hammarskjöld, Markings

7. Arthur Schlesinger Jr., A Thousand Days

8. Bill Sands, My Shadow Ran Fast

9. Theodore C. Sorensen, Kennedy

10. Theodore H. White, The Making of the President, 1964

Stephen Becker, A Covenant with Death

John Steward Carter, Full Fathom Five

John Hersey, White Lotus

Herman Wouk, Don’t Stop the Carnival

Sally Carrighar, Wild Heritage

Samuel Eliot Morison, The Oxford History of the American People

James A. Michener, The Source

Violet Bonham Carter, Winston Churchill: An Intimate Portrait

Jesse Hill Ford, The Liberation of Lord Byron

Bruce Catton, Never Call Retreat

Will and Ariel Durant, The Age of Voltaire

Theodore C. Sorensen, Kennedy

Margaret Mead and Ken Heyman, Family

1. Jacqueline Susann, Valley of the Dolls

2. Harold Robbins, The Adventurers

3. Robert Crichton, The Secret of Santa Vittoria

4. Allen Drury, Capable of Honor

5. Helen MacInnes, The Double Image

6. Bernard Malamud, The Fixer

7. Adela Rogers St. Johns, Tell No Man

8. James Clavell, Tai-Pan

9. Louis Auchincloss, The Embezzler

10. Edwin O’Connor, All in the Family

Peter Berger and Thomas Luckerman, The Social Construction of Reality

Philip Rieff, The Triumph of the Therapeutic

Mao Zedong, Quotations from Chairman Mao

Jacques Lacan, Ecrits

Hans Blumenberg, The Legitimacy of the Modern Age

John Fowles, The Magus

Jean Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea

Michel Foucault, The Order of Things

Oscar Lewis, La Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty
Susan Sontag, Against Interpretation

Francies Yates, The Art of Memory

Truman Capote, In Cold Blood

Theodor Adorno, Negative Dialectics

Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49

Barrington Moore, Jr., Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy

1. Norman F. Dacey, How to Avoid Probate

2. William Howard Masters and Virginia E. Johnston, Human Sexual Response

3. Truman Capote, In Cold Blood

4. Eric Berne, Games People Play

5. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., A Thousand Days

6. Sam Levenson, Everything but Money

7. The Random House Dictionary of the English Language

8. Mark Lane, Rush to Judgment

9. Cornelius Ryan, The Last Battle

10. Phyllis Diller, Phyllis Diller’s Housekeeping Hints

Barbara W. Tuchman, The Proud Tower

Truman Capote, In Cold Blood

Louis Auchincloss, The Embezzlers

Cornelius Ryan, The Last Battle

A. E. Hotchner, Papa Hemingway: A Personal Memoir

Churchill: Taken from the Diaries of Lord Moran

Leonard Mosley, Hirohito: Emperor of Japan

Jon and Rumer Godden, Two Under the Indian Sun

Storm Jameson, The Early Life of Stephen Hind

Lionel Davidson, The Menorah Men

Robert Ardrey, The Territorial Imperative

Rebecca West, The Birds Fall Down

Mary Renault, The Mask of Apollo

1. Elia Kazan, The Arrangement

2. William Styron (tie), The Confessions of Nat Turner

2. Chaim Potok (tie), The Chosen

5. Catherine Marshall, Christy

6. Thornton Wilder, The Eighth Day

7. Ira Levin, Rosemary’s Baby

8. Irving Wallace, The Plot

9. Mary Stewart, The Gabriel Hounds

10. Henry Sutton, The Exhibitionist

Harold Cruse, The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual

John Kenneth Galbraith, The New Industrial State

Jacques Derrida, Of Grammatology

Jacques Derrida, Writing and Difference

William Styron, The Confessions of Nat Turner

Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind
Gabriel Garcia Marquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude

Peter B. Medawar, The Art of the Soluble

1. William Manchester, Death of a President

2. Johnny Carson, Misery Is a Blind Date

3. Eric Berne, Games People Play

4. Rod McKuen, Stanyan Street & Other Sorrows

5. Father James Kavanaugh, A Modern Priest Looks at His Outdated Church

6. Sam Levenson, Everything but Money

7. Stephen Birmingham, Our Crowd

8. Jess Stearn (tie), Edgar Cayce—The Sleeping Prophet

8. Better Homes and Gardens Favorite Ways with Chicken (tie)

8. Phyllis Diller (tie), Phyllis Diller’s Marriage Manual

Jan de Hartog, The Captain

Cornelia Otis Skinner, Madame Sarah

Vladimir Nabokov, Speak, Memory

John Gunther, Inside South America

Thornton Wilder, The Eight Day

William Manchester, The Death of a President

W. S. Kuniczak, The Thousand Hour Day

Harold Nicholson, The War Years, 1939�

Dennis Bloodworth, The Chinese Looking Glass

Gwyn Griffen, An Operational Necessity

Sarah Gainham, Night Falls on the City

Will and Ariel Durant, Rousseau and Revolution

William Styron, The Confessions of Nat Turner

Svetlana Alliluyeva, Twenty Letters to a Friend

1. Arthur Hailey, Airport

2. John Updike, Couples

3. Helen MacInnes, The Salzburg Connection

4. John Le Carré, A Small Town in Germany

5. Taylor Caldwell, Testimony of Two Men

6. Allen Drury, Preserve and Protect

7. Gore Vidal, Myra Breckinridge

8. Fletcher Knebel, Vanished

9. Catherine Marshall, Christy

10. Morris L. West, The Tower of Babel

James D. Watson, The Double Helix

Jürgen Habermas, Knowledge and Human Interests

Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb
Richard Herr, Dispatches

Jean Piaget, Structuralism
Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Paul Ehlich, The Population Bomb
Timothy Leary, The Politics of Ecstasy

Tom Wolfe, The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test

Edward Abbey, Desert Solitaire

Arthur C. Clarke, 2001: A Space Odyssey

Pauline Kael, Kiss Kiss Bang Bang

1. Better Homes and Gardens New Cook Book

2. Laurence Urdang, ed., The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: College Edition

3. Rod McKuen, Listen to the Warm

4. Haim G. Ginott, Between Parent and Child

5. Rod McKuen, Lonesome Cities

6. Erwin M. Stillman and Samm Sinclair Baker, The Doctor’s Quick Weight Loss Diet

7. Adam Smith, The Money Game

8. Rod McKuen, Stanyan Street & Other Sorrows

9. Jean Nidetch, The Weight Watcher’s Cook Book

10. Better Homes and Gardens Eat and Stay Slim

Gerald Green, To Brooklyn with Love

Desmond Morris, The Naked Ape

Sir Francis Chichester, Gipsy Moth Circles the World

Morris L. West, The Tower of Babel

James A. Michener, Ibera

Vladimir Nabokov, King, Queen, Knave

John Kenneth Galbraith, The Triumph

Bruce Page, David Lietch, and Philip Knightly, The Philby Conspiracy

Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, Or I’ll Dress You in Mourning

Anton Myrer, Once an Eagle

Gordon Rattray Taylor, The Biological Time Bomb

James Gould Cozzens, Morning Noon and Night

Peter Farb, Man’s Rise to Civilization

Alexsandr Solzhenitsyn, The First Circle

1. Philip Roth, Portnoy’s Complaint

2. Mario Puzo, The Godfather

3. Jacqueline Susann, The Love Machine

4. Harold Robbins, The Inheritors

5. Michael Crichton, The Andromeda Strain

6. Irving Wallace, The Seven Minutes

7. Penelope Ashe, Naked Came the Stranger

8. Chaim Potok, The Promise

9. Gwen Davis, The Pretenders

10. Daphne du Maurier, The House on the Strand

Kurt Vonnegut, Slaughterhouse-Five

Philip Roth, Portnoy’s Complaint

John Fowles, The French Lieutenant’s Woman

Dean Acheson, Present at Creation

Vine Deloria, Jr., Custer Died for Your Sins

Noam Chomsky, American Power and the New Mandarins

Ursula K. Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness

Elizabeth Kübler-Ross, On Death and Dying

Theodor Roszak, The Making of a Counter-Culture

1. William Morris, ed., American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language

2. Rod McKuen, In Someone’s Shadow

3. Laurence J. Peter and Raymond Hull, The Peter Principle

4. Dr. Haim G. Ginott, Between Parent and Teenager

5. The Galloping Gourmet, The Graham Kerr Cookbook

6. Joe McGinniss, The Selling of the President 1968

7. Marjorie Craig, Miss Craig’s 21-Day Shape-Up Program for Men and Women

8. Jeane Dixon with René Noorbergen, My Life and Prophecies

9. Linda Goodman, Linda Goodman’s Sun Signs

10. Rod McKuen, Twelve Years of Christmas

C. P. Snow, The Sleep of Reason

Robert F. Kennedy, Thirteen Days

Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command

Carlos Baker, Ernest Hemingway

Lewis Chester, Godfrey Hodgson, and Bruce Page, An American Melodrama: The Presidential Campaign of 1968

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