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Action at Bristoe Station, 14 October 1863

Action at Bristoe Station, 14 October 1863


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Action at Bristoe Station, 14 October 1863

One of the most significant features of the aftermath to the Battle of Gettysburg (1-3 July 1863) was the relative inactivity of the victorious Union forces after the battle. Lee had been allowed to escape back into Virginia. General Meade slowly followed, eventually reaching the Rapidan River by mid-September. However, despite this apparent progress, Meade was still not ready to fight. At the start of October Lee attempted to turn the right flank of the Union army. Rather than standing and fighting, Meade decided to pull back, eventually reaching Centreville.

During this withdrawal there was one significant fight. On 14 October A.P. Hill thought he had a chance to attack part of the Union baggage train. However, instead he found himself attacking part of the Union Third Corps, which appeared to be in some disarray. Accordingly, he pressed his attack, but then discovered that a large part of the Federal rearguard, General Warren’s Second Corps, was hidden just out of sight.

They were in a very strong position. Hill’s assault was repelled with heavy losses (136 dead, 797 wounded and 445 missing, for a total of 1,378, compared to 50 dead, 335 wounded and 161 missing, for a total of 546 on the Union side). In his report on the battle, Hill said that “I am convinced that I made the attack too hastily, and at the same time that a delay of half an hour, and there would have been no enemy to attack. In that event I believe I should equally have blamed myself for not attacking at once.”

Despite this victory, Meade continued to pull back, stopping at Centreville. There he waited for Lee to attack, but now it was Lee’s turn to retreat and Meade’s to follow. Meade was more willing to attack than Lee, inflicting another 2,000 casualties on Lee’s army at the Rappahannock on 7 November.

Maps are being used with permission from publisher Savas Beatie LLC

Copies of The Maps of the Bristoe Station and Mine Runs Campaigns are available with a bookplate signed by author Bradley Gottfried directly from publisher Savas Beatie


War of the Rebellion: Serial 048 Page 0433 Chapter XLI. THE BRISTOE, VIRGINIA, CAMPAIGN.

[Inclosure.]

List of Casualties in Heth's division at Bristoe Station, October 14, 1863.

Command. Killed. Wounded. Missing.

Davis' brigade 8 38 2

Walker's brigade 2 9 ---

Cooke's brigade 73 461 166

Kirkland's brigade 60 265 277

Total 143 773 445

Grant total --- --- 1,361

No. 105. Report of Brigadier General Henry H. Walker, C. S. Army, commanding brigade.

HEADQUARTERS WALKER'S BRIGADE, October 21, 1863.

MAJOR: In accordance with circular from division headquarters, I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by my brigade in the engagement at Bristoe Station on October 14:

My brigade was formed in line of battle in a woods about 100 yards in rear of General Kirkland's, my right covering his right, his brigade being nearly double the length of mine. While in this position General Heth informed me the enemy was running that he would not have time for me to get upon Kirkland's left, but that I must do so on the march. This I found impossible to do.

Kirkland's brigade soon got into the open field, and commenced gaining ground to the right by a wheel, while mine, already behind and on the circumference, had a dense woods to march through for half a mile. This distance brought my brigade on Broad Run. While crossing this in line of battle, Kirkland became hotly engaged. Seeing his left gaining ground so fast to the front and right, I marched my brigade by the right flank, again crossed Broad Run, and double-quicked my brigade to try and catch up with Kirkland's left. When I got into the open field, I saw his left had been repulsed and was falling back in utter confusion. I succeeded in getting the three right regiments of my brigade interposed between the enemy's advance and the battery on the hill at the cemetery. A portion of Kirkland's brigade (two regiments) were then rallied on the right of these regiments. The four regiments on the left my brigade were halted on the crest of the hill at the cemetery abreast with the battery at that place.

The line remained thus until the regiments of Kirkland's brigade were moved, under direction of General Kirkland's adjutant-general, to the right and rear of the battery at the cemetery. Captain Hill, of General Hill's staff, then brought an order for this battery to move to the right. I told him I was supporting the battery and asked him if I should move with it. He replied, "Yes." I had scarcely gotten half way down the hill with my brigade when Major McIntosh reported to me that his supports having retired, he had

28 R R-VOL XXIX, PT I

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War of the Rebellion: Serial 048 Page 0292 OPERATIONS IN N. C., VA., W. VA., MD., AND PA.

[CHAP. XLI.

Numbers 48. Report of Lieutenant Colonel Gordon A. Stewart, Fourth Ohio Infantry.

HEADQUARTERS FOURTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY,

January 19, 1864.

LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part the Fourth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry took in the action at Bristoe Station, on the 14th of October, 1863:

On the march from Catlett's to Bristoe, the regiment had the left of the brigade. After arriving on the field, I was ordered to take a position to cover the left of our line along the railroad. I threw out three companies as skirmishers, changed the front of the regiment perpendicular to the railroad, the right resting on the road, and remained in this position until about 9 p.m., when I received orders to withdraw and join the brigade. The regiment covered the rear of the column.

The regiment was under but slight fire, and did not suffer any casualties.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. A. STEWART,

Lieutenant Colonel Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Commanding Regiment

Lieutenant J. G. REID,

Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.

Numbers 49. Report of Lieutenant Colonel Franklin Sawyer, Eighth Ohio Infantry.

HEADQUARTERS EIGHTH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEERS,

October 18, 1863.

LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the Eighth Regiment Ohio Volunteers at and near Bristoe Station, on the evening of October 14:

The regiment occupied the left center of the brigade, and was formed in line with the brigade in support of Colonel Brooke's brigade, between the railroad track and a thick pine wood to the south of the track, soon after our forces were attacked in our advance, which position we maintained until near 10 o'clock in the evening, when, the enemy having been driven back, we withdrew with the brigade. The enemy's advance was near us at times, and though not immediately attacked, we were within his range of fire. My loss was.*

The officers and men behaved well throughout the engagement.

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant,

FRANKLIN SAWYER,

Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding.

Lieutenant J. G. REID,

Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.

---------------

*Nominal list (omitted) shows 2 wounded and 3 missing.

---------------

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Legends of America

Battle of Bristoe Station, Virginia by Alfred Waud.

The Bristoe Campaign was a series of minor battles fought in Virginia during October and November 1863 during the Civil War. Major General George G. Meade, commanding the Union Army of the Potomac, began to maneuver in an unsuccessful attempt to defeat General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Lee and his officers were disgusted with their lack of success. They had not achieved their primary objectives of bringing on a decisive battle or preventing the Western Theater’s Federal reinforcement.

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart.

Auburn (October 13, 1863) – Also called the Battle of Catlett’s Station or the Battle of St. Stephen’s Church, this engagement occurred in Fauquier County. The Confederate army concentrated behind the Rapidan River in Orange County. The Federals advanced to the Rappahannock River in August, and in mid-September, they pushed strong columns forward to confront General Robert E. Lee along the Rapidan River. Early in September, Lee dispatched two divisions of Lieutenant General James Longstreet’s Corps to reinforce the Confederate army in Georgia the Federals followed suit, sending the XI and XII Corps to Tennessee by railroad in late September after the Battle of Chickamauga (September 18-20). In early October, Lee began an offensive sweep around General Meade’s right flank with his remaining two corps, forcing the Federals to withdraw along the Orange & Alexandria Railroad line. On October 13, Confederate Major General J.E.B. Stuart, with General Fitzhugh Lee and Brigadier General Lunsford L. Lomax’s brigades, skirmished with the rearguard of the Union III Corps near Auburn. Finding himself cut off by retreating Federal columns, Stuart secreted his troopers in a wooded ravine until the unsuspecting Federals moved on. The inconclusive battle resulted in an estimated 50 total casualties.

Auburn II (October 14, 1863) – Also called the Battle of Coffee Hill, this engagement also took place in As the Federal army withdrew towards Manassas Junction, Owens and Smyth’s Union brigades (Warren’s II Corps) fought a rearguard action against Major General J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry and infantry of Brigadier General Harry Hays’s division near Auburn. Stuart’s cavalry boldly bluffed Union Major General G.K. Warren’s infantry and escaped disaster. The II Corps pushed on to Catlett Station on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad. The inconclusive battle resulted in estimated total casualties of 113 men.

Bristoe Station (October 14, 1863) – Taking place in Prince William County, this battle occurred when Confederate Lieutenant General A.P. Hill stumbled upon two corps of the retreating Union army at Bristoe Station and attacked without proper reconnaissance. Union soldiers of the II Corps, posted behind the Orange & Alexandria Railroad embankment, mauled Henry Heth’s division’s brigades and captured a battery of artillery. Hill reinforced his line but could make little headway against the determined defenders. After this victory, the Federals continued their withdrawal to Centreville unmolested. Lee’s Bristoe offensive sputtered to a premature halt. After minor skirmishing near Manassas and Centreville, the Confederates retired slowly to the Rappahannock River, destroying the Orange & Alexandria Railroad as they went. At Bristoe Station, Hill lost standing in the eyes of Lee, who angrily ordered him to bury his dead and say no more about it. The Union victory resulted in estimated Union casualties of 540 and 1,380 Confederate.

Orange & Alexandria Railroad Destruction

Buckland Mills (October 19, 1863) – Also called the Battle of Buckland Races or Chestnut Hill, this engagement occurred in Fauquier County. After the defeat at Bristoe Station and an aborted advance on Centreville, Major General J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry shielded the withdrawal of General Robert E. Lee’s army from the vicinity of Manassas Junction. Under Major General J. Kilpatrick, the Union cavalry pursued Stuart’s cavalry along the Warrenton Turnpike but was lured into an ambush near Chestnut Hill and routed. The Federal troopers were scattered and chased five miles in an affair that came to be known as the “Buckland Races.” The Confederate victory resulted in estimated Union casualties of 1851 and 408 Confederate.

Rappahannock Station, Virginia.

Rappahannock Station II (November 7, 1863) – Taking place in Fauquier and Culpeper Counties, this battle occurred when the Union army forced passage of the Rappahannock River at two places. A dusk attack overran the bridgehead at Rappahannock Station, with the Federal soldiers capturing more than 1,600 men of General Jubal Early’s Division. Fighting at Kelly’s Ford was less severe with about 430 casualties, but the Confederates retreated, allowing the Federals across in force. On the verge of going into winter quarters around Culpeper, General Robert E. Lee’s army retired instead into Orange County south of the Rapidan River. The Army of the Potomac occupied the vicinity of Brandy Station and Culpeper County. The Union victory resulted in an estimated 2,537 casualties, including 1,600 Confederate prisoners.

Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser-Alexander/Legends of America, updated May 2021.


Battle [ edit | edit source ]

Maj. Gen. Henry Heth's division moved to attack the V Corps, but it was redirected to attack the II Corps. Union artillery, including the battery of Capt. R. Bruce Ricketts, opened on the Confederates and infantry fire soon was added. Ε] Despite this fire, Heth's men briefly secured a foothold in the lines of Col. James E. Mallon in the second division under Brig. Gen. Alexander S. Webb. The Confederates were driven back, and five guns of a Confederate battery were captured in a Federal counterattack. Col. Mallon was killed in the fighting. The Confederate division of Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson attacked the lines of Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays's division and also was repelled. Brig. Gen. Carnot Posey was mortally wounded in that attack. Two of Heth's brigade commanders also were badly wounded. Ζ]


Meade and Lee at Bristoe Station: The Problems of Command and Strategy after Gettysburg, from Brandy Station to the Buckland Races, August 1 to October 31, 1863

The Civil War in the Eastern Theater during the late summer and fall of 1863 was anything but inconsequential. Generals Meade and Lee continued where they had left off, executing daring marches while boldly maneuvering the chess pieces of war in an effort to gain decisive strategic and tactical advantage. Cavalry actions crisscrossed the rolling landscape bloody battle revealed to both sides the command deficiencies left in the wake of Gettysburg. It was the first and only time in the war Meade exercised control of the Army of the Potomac on his own terms. Jeffrey Wm Hunt brilliant dissects these and others issues in Meade and Lee at Bristoe Station: The Problems of Command and Strategy After Gettysburg, from Brandy Station to the Buckland Races, August 1 to October 31, 1863.

The carnage of Gettysburg left both armies in varying states of command chaos as the focus of the war shifted west. Lee further depleted his ranks by dispatching James Longstreet (his best corps commander) and most of his First Corps via rail to reinforce Bragg&rsquos Army of Tennessee. The Union defeat that followed at Chickamauga, in turn, forced Meade to follow suit with the XI and XII Corps. Despite these reductions, the aggressive Lee assumed the strategic offensive against his more careful Northern opponent, who was also busy waging a rearguard action against the politicians in Washington.

Meade and Lee at Bristoe Station is a fast-paced, dynamic account of how the Army of Northern Virginia carried the war above the Rappahannock once more in an effort to retrieve the laurels lost in Pennsylvania. When the opportunity beckoned Lee took it, knocking Meade back on his heels with a threat to his army as serious as the one Pope had endured a year earlier. As Lee quickly learned again, A. P. Hill was no Stonewall Jackson, and with Longstreet away Lee&rsquos cudgel was no longer as mighty as he wished. The high tide of the campaign ebbed at Bristoe Station with a signal Confederate defeat. The next move was now up to Meade.

Hunt&rsquos follow-up volume to his well-received Meade and Lee After Gettysburg is grounded upon official reports, regimental histories, letters, newspapers, and other archival sources. Together, they provide a day-by-day account of the fascinating high-stakes affair during this three-month period. Coupled with original maps and outstanding photographs, this new study offers a significant contribution to Civil War literature.

"A well-written overview of the armies, both at the operational and tactical level. . . . some of the best material available on the forgotten campaigning of 1863." - Emerging Civil War

"An unreservedly recommended core addition to personal, community, college, and university library American Civil War collections and supplemental studies lists. It should be noted for students, academia, and non-specialist general readers with an interest in the subject that Meade and Lee at Bristoe Station is also available in a digital book format." - Midwest Book Review

"The author has done his research, offers sound judgments, and has written a detailed study of an interesting campaign." - Civil War Monitor

"Highly recommended to anyone interested in the Gettysburg Campaign. Not only is it well researched and well documented, it is told in a sweeping narrative that reads oftentimes like a novel." - Gettysburg Chronicle

Jeffrey William Hunt is Director of the Texas Military Forces Museum, the official museum of the Texas National Guard in Austin, Texas and an adjunct professor of History at Austin Community College, where he has taught since 1988. He had also served for many years as the Curator of Collections and Director of the Living History Program at the Admiral Nimitz National Museum of the Pacific War in Fredericksburg, Texas. Jeff holds a Bachelors Degree in Government and a Masters Degree in History, both from the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of several books on the Civil War, including the critically acclaimed Meade and Lee After Gettysburg: The Forgotten Final Stage of the Gettysburg Campaign, from Falling Waters to Culpeper Court House, July 14-31, 1863.


War of the Rebellion: Serial 048 Page 0213 Chapter XLI. THE BRISTOE, VIRGINIA, CAMPAIGN.

Oct. 15, 1863.-Skirmishes at McLean's, Blackburn's, and Mitchell's Fords, on Bull Run, and Manassas and Oak Hill.

17, 1863.-Skirmishes at Manassas Junction and Frying Pan Church, near Pohick Church.

17-18, 1863.-Skirmishes at Groveton.

18, 1863.-Skirmish at Bristoe Station.

Army of Northern Virginia established on line of the Rappahannock.

19, 1863.-Skirmishes at Gainesville, New Baltimore, Catlett's Station, and Hay Market.

Action at Buckland Mills.

20, 1863.-Confederate cavalry retires across the Rappahannock.

22, 1863.-Skirmishes at Rappahannock Bridge and near Bealeton.

REPORTS.*

Numbers 1.-Organization of the Army of the Potomac, Major General George G. Meade, U. S. Army, commanding, October 10.

Numbers 2.-Abstract from returns of the Army of the Potomac for October 10 and 20.

Numbers 3.-Return of Casualties in the Union Forces.

Numbers 4.-Big. General Rufus Ingalls, U. S. Army, Chief Quartermaster, including operations July 25-December 2, 1863,

Numbers 5.-Captain Peter A. Taylor, U. S. Signal Corps.

Numbers 6.-Major General John Newton, U. S. Army, commanding First Army Corps, of skirmish at Hay Market.

Numbers 7.-Brigadier General John R. Kenly, U. S. Army, commanding Third Division, of skirmish at Hay Market.

Numbers 8.-Lieutenant Colonel John W. Wilson, First Maryland Infantry, Third Brigade, of skirmish at Hay Market.

Numbers 9.-Colonel Edwin H. webster, Seventh Maryland Infantry, of skirmish at Hay Market.

Numbers 10.-Major General Governor K. Warren, U. S. Army, commanding Second Army Corps, with congratulatory orders.

Numbers 11.-Surg. Alexander N. Dougherty, U. S. Volunteers, Medical Director, of action at Auburn and engagement at Bristoe Station.

Numbers 12.-Captain Thomas L. Livermore, Fifth New Hampshire Infantry, Ambulance Officer, of operations at Auburn and Bristoe Station.

Numbers 13.-Brigadier General John C. Caldwell, U. S. Army, commanding First Division.

Numbers 14.-Colonel nelson A. Miles, Sixty-first New York Infantry, commanding First Brigade.

Numbers 15.-Lieutenant Colonel K. Oscar Broady, Sixty-first New York Infantry.

Numbers 16.-Colonel H. Boyd McKeen, Eighty-first Pennsylvania Infantry.

Numbers 17.-Colonel John Fraser, One hundred and fortieth Pennsylvania Infantry.

Numbers 18.-Colonel Patrick kelly, Eighty-eighth New York Infantry, commanding Second Brigade.

Numbers 19.-Colonel Richard Byrnes, Twenty-eighth massachusetts Infantry.

Numbers 20.-Captain Thomas Touhy, Sixty-third New York Infantry.

Numbers 21.-Captain Richard Moroney, Sixty-ninth New York Infantry.

Numbers 22.-Captain Seneca G. Willauer, One hundred and sixteenth Pennsylvania Infantry.

Numbers 23.-Colonel Paul Frank, Fifty-second New York Infantry, commanding Third Brigade.

Numbers 24.-Lieutenant Colonel Charles G. Freudenberg, Fifty-second New York Infantry.

See also general reports, p. 7.

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Learn about current events in
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Action at Bristoe Station, 14 October 1863 - History

Volume XXVI Issue #2 • An Excerpt From:


The Battles of
Bristoe Station

Click Here to view a sample map from this article
Note: All Blue & Gray feature articles are annotated.


General Pope established an outpost at Catlett’s and stashed his headquarters gear and related support assets here. Jeb Stuart’s cavalry raided Catlett’s Station on the rainy night of August 22-23, causing considerable damage, taking many prisoners, and capturing Pope’s dispatch book and his dress uniform coat. The principal target of the raid was the destruction of the Cedar Run bridge, but because of the rain, the structure could not be ignited. The damage being repaired in the photo above was done by the Confederates in 1863 .

Finding truth in any military disaster is often an impossible task. One of the great truisms of war is that the glaring spotlight of blame and recrimination almost always finds it way to the losing commander, no matter justified or not. For John Pope, the 1862 campaign of 2nd Manassas began to go wrong at a small and somewhat insignificant stop on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad in Prince William County, Virginia named Bristoe Station. His tactical decisions on the evening of August 26 through the morning of August 28 resulted in a downward spiral, ending in the crushing defeat of his army and a retreat to the gates of Washington, D.C.

Soon to become more famous in the Virginia campaign of October 1863, Bristoe Station was one of those locations which the gods of war seem to favor. Like the nearby battles at Manassas (Bull Run) in 1861 and 1862, Bristoe figured prominently in the grand maneuvers of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia in both 1862 and 1863. In truth, the 1862 fighting has been one of the most overlooked yet significant fights in the Virginia theater, ignored by historians, little visited by battlefield trekkers, and even misnamed by those who fought there as the Battle of Kettle Run. With the recent acquisition of 130 acres of battlefield, for the first time visitors can now walk the ground at Bristoe Station and better understand the unraveling of John Pope in 1862, and visit the scene of the 1863 engagement sometimes called “A. P. Hill’s Gambit.”

On the afternoon of August 26, 1862, a long line of freight trains covered with dusty Union infantrymen passed from the marshalling yards of Alexandria through Bristoe on their way to the Federal supply base at Warrenton Junction, 14 miles beyond. Although tired and dirty, the men of Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker’s division in the III Corps, Army of the Potomac, enjoyed the chance to ride toward battle packed on top of freight cars instead of the usual march. These veteran regiments were part of the reinforcements to the Army of Virginia under John Pope, which was facing Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia across the Rappahannock River.

Only a few hours later, at dusk, the lead elements of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Left Wing of the Army of Northern Virginia arrived at Bristoe Station, completing a two-day march designed to cut the Union supply line and force Pope from his Rappahannock River line of defense (see Pg. 9). Maj. Gen. James E. B. “Jeb” Stuart’s cavalry arrived first, crossing Broad Run above the station and screening the Confederate juggernaut nearing Bristoe. (For the progression of movements that led to the action at Bristoe Station on August 26-27, refer to the Maps on Pp. 11 & 12.)


ARMY AND NAVY ITEMS.

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL LLOYD D. WADDELL, of the Eleventh Regiment Illinois Volunteers, who served with distinction at Fort Donelson , Shiloh , and Vicksburg , and was for a long time Chief of Staff for Major- General McPHERSON , has been officially announced as Provost Marshal of the Post of Vicksburg.

Brigadier-General RUFUS KING has been reappointed Minister Resident at Rome, and accepts the appointment, his acceptance to take effect immediately. The mission becomes vacant by the return and resignation of the Hon. M. BLATCHFORD, of New York, the recent incumbent. General KING turned the command of his division in the Army of the Potomac over to General MICHAEL CORCORAN .

Major J. W. ABERT, of the Engineer corps, has been announced upon the staff of Major-General GILMORE. He will have the department of records and topographical surveys under his control. Major ABERT is an old army officer, and served for a long time upon the staff of Major- General BANKS .

The well-earned star has been conferred upon Colonel J. W. TURNER. That officer is now is Brigadier-General, continuing, however, to serve as Chief of the Staff and Chief of Artillery.

Colonel DICKINSON, formerly Assistant Adjutant-General on General HOOKER 'S staff, has been assigned to the command of the convalescent camp, vice Colonel GREENE, relieved.

Lieutenant DISOSWAY, Provost Marshal of Williamsburg, Virginia, was shot on 14th October by Private BOYLE, of the First New York Mounted Rifles and a day or two before Private BLAKE stabbed Private REDSON, both of the same organization.

Colonel FAIRCHILD, of the Second Wisconsin Regiment, arrived in Washington last week, having recovered from the effects of his wound, received at Gettysburg, by which he lost an arm. He is now about to resign his commission and assume the duties of Secretary of State of Wisconsin, for which he is a candidate as a War Democrat.

Colonel CONRAD BAKER, First Indiana Cavalry, and Colonel E. A. PARROTT, First Ohio Volunteers, have been detailed to superintend the volunteer recruiting service in their respective States. Hitherto none but officers of the regular army have been assigned to this duty.

Colonel LUCIUS FAIRCHILD, of the Second Wisconsin regiment, has been made a Brigadier-General, for gallantry in the battle of Gettysburg.

The friends of Surgeon-General HAMMOND say that there is no doubt that he will, on his return from his tour of inspection to New Orleans, and perhaps other points in the West, resume his place at the head of the bureau.

Captains CUTTING and BENKARD, of General AUGUR'S staff, have arrived in Washington and resumed their duties. The remainder of the General's staff are at New Orleans. General HEINTZELMAN'S staff, however, will remain on duty for the present.

Major-General DOUBLEDAY, who was recently ordered to the Department of the Gulf, remains in Washington awaiting further instructions. It is rumored that he is to be assigned to a different field.

A court-martial, composed of thirteen officers, under medical treatment, but who are capable of performing this comparatively light duty, has been appointed for the trial of military officers. Colonel STONE, of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, is President of the court. A similar court, of which Colonel WARNER, of the Tenth Pennsylvania Reserves, is President, has been appointed from the Invalid Corps.

The proceedings of the court-martial in the case of Lieutenant-Colonel RUFF, Third United States Cavalry, have been sent in, and are awaiting the action of the War Department. In the mean time Colonel RUFF has obtained permission to return to Philadelphia to perfect his accounts as mustering and disbursing officer.

General SPINOLA, though still suffering from his wound, reported for duty on 14th, desiring to rejoin the Third corps but the military authorities declined to send him to the front, believing that he is not yet physically capable of active service. He will, however, be ordered to New York, with authority to recruit an infantry corps.

Last week Major-General AUGUR assumed command of the Department of Washington. It is reported that this change is only a temporary one, caused by the illness of General HEINTZELMAN, and that the latter will resume command as soon as his health will permit. His stiff remain in the performance of their duties at head-quarters.

Lieutenants O'DONAVAN and LAUN, of Colonel BAKER'S Cavalry regiment, have been dismissed the service for drunkenness on duty.

Five officers were arrested at Washington on 17th for remaining in the city without authority, after their regiment had left for the front, and ordered to report under arrest to the Provost Marshal General of the Army of the Potomac. To show the expedition with which such matters are attended to, these officers were arrested in less than an hour after the telegram informing against them was received.

Lieutenant-Commander BEARDSLEE has been detached from special duty in New York, and ordered to the Wachussett.


Map Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, Va., Octr. 14th 1863.

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

Note that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.


Saving History Saturday: 22 Acres to Save at Bristoe Station

Bristoe Station battlefield is bordered by development. In fact, a compromise between developers and preservationists are the only reason the park exists. Chances to preserve this battlefield are few and far between and become more difficult frequently.

The 22 acres the American Battlefield Trust is attempting to save is at the core of both battles fought at Bristoe Station: the first on August 27, 1862 and the second on October 14, 1863.

During the earlier battle, commonly called the Battle of Kettle Run as part of the Second Manassas Campaign, Richard Ewell’s division slowed the Federal advance towards Stonewall Jackson’s men looting Manassas Junction. After a close quarters fight of a couple hours, John Pope’s Union soldiers drove Ewell back. In the withdrawal and on this 22 acre parcel, a struggle ensued for the colors of the 60th Georgia Infantry. Though briefly captured, the Georgians carried their colors off the field.

In 1863, Federal troops occupied the parcel. A.P. Hill’s Third Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, launched an assault towards the Orange & Alexandria Railroad. Joshua Owen’s brigade of New Yorkers, recently redeemed from their reputation as the “Harpers Ferry Cowards,” charged down an open slope to seek the cover of the railroad embankment. As they did, they came under fire from Confederates across the tracks. “The bullets flew about our heads like hail,” remembered a veteran of Owen’s brigade. Owen claimed there was “considerable loss in killed and wounded” during the advance under enemy fire. Owen’s men reached the embankment and repulsed the Confederate attack but suffered more casualties than any other Union brigade engaged at Bristoe Station.

Following the 1863 battle, Rev. Joseph Hopkins Twichell, a survivor of the 1862 battle, visited the recently dug graves from the October 14 action. “Twice baptized in blood for Liberty’s sake, it will be a place to which in after times pilgrimages will be made by those who reverence the glorious, though suffering, past,” he wrote of Bristoe Station. There is no better way to remember the past at Bristoe Station than saving this ground for future generations to walk.


Watch the video: The Battle of Hoovers Gap 1863 (June 2022).


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